Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : April | Volume : 12 | Issue : 4 | Page : NC01 - NC04

Comparative Study of Endothelial Cell Loss after Phacoemulsification in Different Anterior Chamber Depth Groups

Meghna Solanki, Gargi Verma, Ankur Kumar, Kishor Kumar

1. Anterior Segment Fellow, DD Eye Institute, Kota, Rajasthan, India; MS, Department of Ophthalmology, SMS Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. 2. Senior Resident, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India; MS, Department of Ophthalmology, SMS Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. 3. Senior Resident, SMS Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India; DNB, Department of Ophthalmology, Anand Eye Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. 4. Senior Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, SMS Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Meghna Solanki,
D-840, Sector 8, Malviya Nagar, Jaipur-302017, Rajasthan, India.
E-mail: solankimeghna@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Corneal decompensation is a rare but potentially vision-threatening complication after phacoemulsification surgery. The evaluation of risk factors for perioperative endothelial cell loss provides important information in preserving these cells from the mechanical and thermal damage that can occur during phacoemulsification.

Aim: To assess and compare endothelial cell loss after phacoemulsification in three different Anterior Chamber Depth (ACD) groups.

Materials and Methods: The study was a hospital based comparative type of observational study, which comprised of 90 patients who were further divided into 3 groups (30 in each group) according to ACD. The patients underwent phacoemulsification surgery with Intraocular Lens (IOL) implantation. Endothelial cell loss was calculated by measuring the percentage decrease in endothelial cell density of the central cornea.

Results: The percentage of mean endothelial cell loss was significantly higher in shallow ACD groups as compared to groups with deep ACD at each follow up (Day 1, 1st week, 1 month and 3 months), which was statistically significant.

Conclusion: Eyes with shallow ACD is associated with an increased endothelial cell loss than eyes with deep ACD.

Keywords

Corneal decompensation, Endothelial cell count, Vision threatening

How to cite this article :

Meghna Solanki, Gargi Verma, Ankur Kumar, Kishor Kumar. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ENDOTHELIAL CELL LOSS AFTER PHACOEMULSIFICATION IN DIFFERENT ANTERIOR CHAMBER DEPTH GROUPS. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 April [cited: 2018 Jul 21 ]; 12:NC01-NC04. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=April&volume=12&issue=4&page=NC01-NC04&id=11355

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/28553.11355

Date of Submission: Mar 24, 2017
Date of Peer Review: May 12, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Oct 07, 2017
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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