Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

Users Online : 4311

Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : September | Volume : 11 | Issue : 9 | Page : AC01 - AC04

Variation in Morphometry of Vastus Medialis Muscle

Hina B Rajput, Sangeeta J Rajani, Vasant H Vaniya

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Baroda Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India. 2. Tutor, Department of Anatomy, Baroda Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India. 3. Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Baroda Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Sangeeta J Rajani,
2, Sakhar Co-Op Soc, Harni Warashia Ring Road, Near Shiv Vatika, Vadodara-390006, Gujarat, India.


Introduction: The Vastus Medialis (VM) muscle divides into two parts, proximal Vastus Medialis Longus (VML) and distal Vastus Medialis Obliquus (VMO). The VMO originates from the tendon of adductor magnus and insert into the medial border of patella and these fibers are nearly horizontal. It exerts medial force vector to counter the lateral force vector of Vastus Lateralis (VL) hence the VM presents a biomechanical advantage over the VL. The functional importance of VML and VMO is well explained but the anatomical evidence of separate identity of VMO is lacking.

Aim: To determine muscle fiber angles and lengths of VML and VMO, to find out the distinct nerve supply and fascial plane between VML and VMO and to evaluate VM insertion in relation to patella.

Materials and Methods: Thirty intact lower limbs (right-15 and left- 15) from 15 donated cadavers with an age 60 years and above were dissected. Lengths and angles of VML, VMO superior (VMOs) and VMO inferior (VMOi) were measured. The fascial plane and the femoral nerve and its branches supplying VM were dissected and terminal branches were traced in each section with the blunt dissection. All parameters were recorded and statistical analysis was done using one-way ANOVA.

Results: The VMO took origin from the adductor magnus muscle and attached to the patella. VMOi was present in 83.33% cases (25 limbs), and inserted to the medial border of patella. The percentages of VML, VMOs and VMOi lengths compared to total VM length were 65.54±4.84, 25.23±4.20 and 9.22±2.17 respectively. The fiber angles ranged for VML, VMOs and VMOi were between 18 to 32, 30 to 46 and 46 to 56 degrees respectively. There were significant differences among all groups (p=0.001). These two parts were not separated by distinct fascial plane and no separate nerve supply was observed but the richest nerve supply to VMO was noted.

Conclusion: The present study conclude that VMO is having obtuse angle, horizontal fibers and richest nerve supply as compared to proximal part which make it functionally as a separate entity but not anatomically.


Vastus medialis obliquus, Vastus medialis obliquus superior, Vastus medialis obliquus inferior

How to cite this article :

Hina B Rajput, Sangeeta J Rajani, Vasant H Vaniya. VARIATION IN MORPHOMETRY OF VASTUS MEDIALIS MUSCLE. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 September [cited: 2017 Nov 24 ]; 11:AC01-AC04. Available from

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/29162.10527

Date of Submission: Apr 08, 2017
Date of Peer Review: May 13, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Aug 08, 2017
Date of Publishing: Sep 01, 2017


JCDR is now Monthly and more widely Indexed .
  • PubMed Central® (PMC)New
  • Academic Search Complete Database
  • Chemical Abstracts Service
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • EBSCOhostNew
  • Embase & EMbiology
  • Google Scholar
  • HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
  • Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
  • Journal seek Database
  • Open J-Gate
  • Popline (reproductive health literature)