Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : March | Volume : 11 | Issue : 3 | Page : SC07 - SC11

Internet Based Obesity Prevention Program for Thai School Children- A Randomized Control Trial

Lakkana Rerksuppaphol, Sanguansak Rerksuppaphol

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand. 2. Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Lakkana Rerksuppaphol,
Assistant Professor, Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University,
62 Mo 7, Rangsit-Nakorn Nayok Rd., Nakorn Nayok-26120, Thailand.
E-mail: lakkana_r@hotmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Internet based obesity prevention program is one approach in learning strategies to improve healthy behaviour. It has been advocated as one strategy to address the rising prevalence of childhood obesity; however, their efficacy is not seen consistently.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of internet based obesity prevention program in Thai school children.

Materials and Methods: Healthy children studying in public schools in one township of central Thailand were randomly assigned to either the intervention (internet based) program or the control group. Anthropometric characteristics were recorded at baseline and for the next four following months at monthly intervals. Changes in the percentage of overweight/obese children and changes in BMI at the end of study were considered as the primary and secondary outcome, respectively.

Results: A total of 217 children, mean age of 10.7 years, were included into the final analysis. Baseline anthropometric parameters and percentages of overweight/obesity were not significantly different between groups. At the end of the study, the control group had a higher percentage of overweight/obesity than the intervention group (56.6% vs. 39.6%, respectively; p-value=0.009). Children in the control group had a significantly higher increase in net BMI gains than those in the intervention group (1.24kg/m2 vs. 0.40kg/m2, p-value=0.027). The intervention group had no changes in BMI z-score (-0.001, 95%CI -0.19 to 0.18, p-value=0.988), contrary to those in the control group, which had significant gain of BMI z-score at the end of study (0.45, 95%CI 0.27 to 0.63, p-value<0.001).

Conclusion: Internet the based obesity prevention program was effective in modifying anthropometric outcome and helped to address the rising prevalence of overweight and obese status in Thai children.

Keywords

Children, Nutrition status, School health promotion

How to cite this article :

Lakkana Rerksuppaphol, Sanguansak Rerksuppaphol. INTERNET BASED OBESITY PREVENTION PROGRAM FOR THAI SCHOOL CHILDREN- A RANDOMIZED CONTROL TRIAL. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 March [cited: 2017 Jun 22 ]; 11:SC07-SC11. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=March&volume=11&issue=3&page=SC07-SC11&id=9368

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/21423.9368

Date of Submission: May 15, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Jun 17, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Nov 15, 2016
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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