Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

Users Online : 9743

Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : March | Volume : 11 | Issue : 3 | Page : QC12 - QC16

Pregnancy Outcome of Abnormal Nuchal Translucency: A Systematic Review

Nasibeh Roozbeh Maryam Azizi, Leili Darvish

1. Faculty, Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar, Abbas, Iran. 2. Assistant Professor, Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran. 3. Faculty, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Para-Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Leili Darvish,
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Para-Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.


Introduction: Nuchal Translucency (NT) is the sonographic form of subcutaneous gathering of liquid behind the foetal neck in the first trimester of pregnancy. There is association of increased NT with chromosomal and non-chromosomal abnormalities.

Aim: The purpose of this systemic review was to review the pregnancy outcome of abnormal nuchal translucency.

Materials and Methods: The present systematic review was conducted by searching English language articles from sources such as International Medical Sciences, Medline, Web of science, Scopus, Google Scholar, PubMed, Index Copernicus, DOAJ, EBSCO-CINAHL. Persian articles were searched from Iranmedex and SID sources. Related key words were “outcome"," pregnancy", "abnormal", and "Nuchal Translucency" (NT). All, randomized, descriptive, analytic-descriptive, case control study conducted during 1997-2015 were included.

Results: Including duplicate articles, 95 related articles were found. After reviewing article titles, 30 unrelated article and abstracts were removed, and 65 articles were evaluated of which 30 articles were duplicate. Finally 22 articles were selected for final analysis. Exclusion criteria were, case studies and reports and quasi experimental designs. This evaluation has optioned negative relationship between nuchal translucency and pregnancy result. Rate of cardiac, chromosomal and other defects are correlated with increased NT=2.5mm. Cardiac disease which were associated to the increased NT are heart murmur, systolic organic murmur, Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD), tricuspid valve insufficiency and pulmonary valve insufficiency, Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) and Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA). The most common problems that related with increased NT were allergic symptoms.

Conclusion: According to this systematic review, increased NT is associated with various foetal defects. To verify the presence of malformations, birth defect consultations with a perinatologist and additional tests are required.


Chromosomal abnormalities, Defect, Foetal

How to cite this article :

Nasibeh Roozbeh Maryam Azizi, Leili Darvish. PREGNANCY OUTCOME OF ABNORMAL NUCHAL TRANSLUCENCY: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 March [cited: 2017 May 22 ]; 11:QC12-QC16. Available from

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/23755.9384

Date of Submission: Aug 26, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Sep 09, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Nov 01, 2016
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2017


JCDR is now Monthly and more widely Indexed .
  • PubMed Central® (PMC)New
  • Academic Search Complete Database
  • Chemical Abstracts Service
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • EBSCOhostNew
  • Embase & EMbiology
  • Google Scholar
  • HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
  • Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
  • Journal seek Database
  • Open J-Gate
  • Popline (reproductive health literature)