Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

Users Online : 5438

Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : ZC61 - ZC63

Evaluation of Resting Tongue Position in Recently Extracted and Long Term Completely Edentulous Patients: A Prospective Interventional Study

K Rajeshwari, Shivani Kohli, Xavier K Mathew

1. Senior Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics, Kle institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 2. Senior Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics, MAHSA University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 3. Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. K Rajeshwari,
Senior Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics, Kle Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru-560022, Karnataka, India.


Introduction: Presence of abnormal resting tongue position can lead to poor denture retention and stability. The prevalence of retracted tongue position has been found to be higher in partially edentulous subjects compared to dentate subjects and is greatest in completely edentulous individuals.

Aim: To evaluate resting tongue position in recently extracted and long term completely edentulous patients, and to evaluate the efficacy of achieving retracted tongue position by simple modification in complete denture along with certain tongue exercises.

Materials and Methods: A total of 62 study subjects were classified into two groups based on duration of edentulousness. Group A: Recently extracted completely edentulous subjects (<1 year), Group B: Long term completely edentulous subjects (>1-10 year). The patients with retracted tongue position were subjected to a simple modification in complete denture along with inclusion of certain tongue exercises. After eight months patients were recalled and evaluated. The data was analysed using SPSS statistical tests like mean, standard deviation, proportion, Chi square test and McNemar Test.

Results: Among the study subjects, 54.9% had retracted tongue position. Group B showed high proportion of retracted tongue position (68.8%) as compared to Group A. After the intervention, 42.8% study subjects gained normal resting tongue position.

Conclusion: Long term completely edentulous subjects presented retracted tongue position in higher percentage when compared to the recently extracted group. The interventional method employed for the subjects with retracted tongue position, played a significant role to assume normal resting tongue position and showed improvement in denture stability and retention.


Bleb or bead of wax, Complete denture, Tongue exercises

How to cite this article :

K Rajeshwari, Shivani Kohli, Xavier K Mathew. EVALUATION OF RESTING TONGUE POSITION IN RECENTLY EXTRACTED AND LONG TERM COMPLETELY EDENTULOUS PATIENTS: A PROSPECTIVE INTERVENTIONAL STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 April [cited: 2017 Jun 27 ]; 11:ZC61-ZC63. Available from

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/23709.9683

Date of Submission: Aug 24, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Oct 22, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Jan 06, 2017
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2017


JCDR is now Monthly and more widely Indexed .
  • PubMed Central® (PMC)New
  • Academic Search Complete Database
  • Chemical Abstracts Service
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • EBSCOhostNew
  • Embase & EMbiology
  • Google Scholar
  • HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
  • Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
  • Journal seek Database
  • Open J-Gate
  • Popline (reproductive health literature)