Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Year : 2018 | Month : March | Volume : 12 | Issue : 3 | Page : OE01 - OE05

Cholesterol Management in Indians: Should We Treat the Targets or Treat the Risk?

Jamshed Dalal, JC Mohan, Arup Dasbiswas, Prafulla Kerkar, Shailendra Trivedi, Joy Thomas

1. Director, Centre for Cardiac Sciences, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. 2. Director, Department of Cardiology, Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi, India. 3. Ex-Director, Department of Cardiology, IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. 4. Professor and Head, Department of Cardiology, KEM Hospital and Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. 5. Director, Department of Cardiology, Medanta Superspeciality Hospital, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. 6. Chief, Department of Cardiology and Cardiac Electrophysiology, Frontier Lifeline Hospital and Dr KM Cherians Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Jamshed Dalal,
Director, Centre for Cardiac Sciences, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai-400053, Maharashtra, India.


Clinical evidence on relationship between cholesterol and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) has highlighted the importance of all lipid components in the pathogenesis of CVD, thereby generating the concepts of “target”. Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C) and Non High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (non HDL-C) have been identified as the main “targets” in the guidelines for lipid management. For the corresponding targets, different “target goals” have been defined in most guidelines according to the levels of risk, to guide the lipid management and to minimise CV events. In the 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) cholesterol guideline abandoned the target goal. This caused confusion among physicians. Recent trials like Improved Reduction of Outcomes: Vytorin Efficacy International Trial (IMPROVE-IT) have brought back into focus the concept of LDL hypothesis. Subsequent guidelines for dyslipidaemia management have retained the target goal based approach. In India, there is a high prevalence of dyslipidaemia and many patients do not achieve their lipid target goals. In this article, we have reviewed the evidence base used by different guidelines on lipid targets along with newer studies; in order to bring clarity to the dyslipidaemia management approach of Indian physicians.


Cardiovascular disease, Clinical trials, Dyslipidaemia, Low density lipoprotein

How to cite this article :

Jamshed Dalal, JC Mohan, Arup Dasbiswas, Prafulla Kerkar, Shailendra Trivedi, Joy Thomas. CHOLESTEROL MANAGEMENT IN INDIANS: SHOULD WE TREAT THE TARGETS OR TREAT THE RISK?. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 March [cited: 2018 Jun 20 ]; 12:OE01-OE05. Available from

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/32578.11249

Date of Submission: Sep 14, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Nov 02, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Feb 07, 2018
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2018


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