Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : August | Volume : 12 | Issue : 8 | Page : VC12 - VC16

Relationship between Disability and Psychopathology Severity in Subjects having Acute Exacerbation of Schizophrenia on Treatment over three Month’s Duration

Praveen Arathil, Podila Satya Venkata Narasimha Sharma

1. Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India. 2. Professor and Head, Department of Psychiatry, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Praveen Arathil,
Department of Psychiatry, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi-682041, Kerala, India.
E-mail: dr_praveen03@hotmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Schizophrenia is a disorder which has a chronic course frequently with subjects having significant disability. Understanding what the symptoms during initial period are, which predict level of disability in future would be useful.

Aim: To assess the change in disability and its correlation with psychopathology among patients with schizophrenia having acute exacerbation.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among 40 patients admitted in the hospital for acute exacerbation of schizophrenia. The subject was assessed with Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for Schizophrenia (for symptom severity), Schedule for Assessment of Psychiatric Disability (SAPD) scale (for disability). Then at the end of three months after first assessment the PANSS, SAPD were re-administered. Paired t-tests for changes in severity of symptoms and Pearson’s correlation of statistics were used to assess relation between symptom severity and disability.

Results: Forty patients were enrolled into the study, 3 did not complete the study. The PANSS positive subcategory score showed maximum change (mean=12.054, t=14.214, p<0.01). The SAPD change maximum was for behavioural functioning score (mean=7.783, t=12.337, p<0.01). Change in PANSS score correlation with endpoint SAPD showed total score, change in positive domain score, change in negative domain score had significant negative correlation to all disability domain scores.

Conclusion: Improvement in disability in subjects having schizophrenia appears to be significantly related to negative symptoms, excitement symptoms and disorganization symptoms.

Keywords

Negative symptoms, Positive symptoms, Social outcome

How to cite this article :

Praveen Arathil, Podila Satya Venkata Narasimha Sharma. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DISABILITY AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SEVERITY IN SUBJECTS HAVING ACUTE EXACERBATION OF SCHIZOPHRENIA ON TREATMENT OVER THREE MONTH’S DURATION. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 August [cited: 2018 Jul 23 ]; 12:VC12-VC16. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=August&volume=12&issue=8&page=VC12-VC16&id=11884

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/34212.11884

Date of Submission: Nov 13, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Jan 03, 2018
Date of Acceptance: May 26, 2018
Date of Publishing: Aug 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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