Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : August | Volume : 12 | Issue : 8 | Page : QC04 - QC06

Prevalence of Gestational Glucose Intolerance and Gestational Diabetes in a Tertiary Care Centre in Northern India

Smriti Agrawal, Vinita Das, Anjoo Agarwal, Amita Pandey, Namrata

1. Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. 2. Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. 3. Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. 4. Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. 5. Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Smriti Agrawal,
305, Dilkash Apartments, Riverbank Colony, Lucknow-226018, Uttar Pradesh, India.
E-mail: smritijainagrawal@rediffmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Many centres in India have adopted a one-step method known as Diabetes in Practice Study Group in India (DIPSI) criterion to diagnose Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). Prevalence of GDM is increasing and becoming a public health problem in our country. However, data regarding prevalence of Gestational Glucose Intolerance (GGI), which is considered a precursor to developing GDM is lacking.

Aim: To determine the prevalence of gestational diabetes and GGI in a Tertiary Care Centre in Northern India. Materials and Methods: All the pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient department at Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KGMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, from January 2016 to December 2016 underwent blood sugar testing 2 hours after taking 75 gm glucose by glucometer irrespective of last meal (DIPSI criterion advocated by Government of India guidelines). Test was done at first prenatal visit and again at 24-28 weeks of gestation, if initially negative. Women were diagnosed with GDM if blood sugar =140 mg/dL and managed accordingly. Women with blood sugar =120-139 mg/dL were diagnosed with GGI.

Results: A total of 5855 tests using DIPSI criterion were performed at the centre over one year. Prevalence of GDM was 13.9% (814/5855). Prevalence of women with GGI was 19.8% (1164/5855). Women in last quarter of year (Oct-Dec) had the highest prevalence (279/1285; 21.7%) of GDM.

Conclusion: The DIPSI criterion detected high prevalence of GDM and GGI at a tertiary care centre in Northern India. Almost one-third (33.7%) pregnant women attending this centre either had GDM or GGI. Glucose intolerance was seen more often in winter months.

Keywords

DIPSI criterion, Gestational diabetes mellitus, High prevalence

How to cite this article :

Smriti Agrawal, Vinita Das, Anjoo Agarwal, Amita Pandey, Namrata. PREVALENCE OF GESTATIONAL GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE AND GESTATIONAL DIABETES IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE IN NORTHERN INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 August [cited: 2018 Jul 18 ]; 12:QC04-QC06. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=August&volume=12&issue=8&page=QC04-QC06&id=11915

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/36575.11915

Date of Submission: Mar 30, 2018
Date of Peer Review: May 09, 2018
Date of Acceptance: Jul 06, 2018
Date of Publishing: Aug 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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