Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : November | Volume : 11 | Issue : 11 | Page : QC17 - QC20

Evaluation of Efficacy of Intravenous Iron Sucrose in Management of Adolescent Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Saubhagya Kumar Jena, Arati Mallick, Sushree Sangeeta Rout

1. Additional Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. 2. Senior Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. 3. M.B.B.S Student, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Arati Mallick,
C/O Dr. B.K. Kuanar Gayatri Vihar, Chandi Chhak, Cuttack-753001, Odisha, India.
E-mail: draratimallick@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Worldwide, most common nutritional deficiency anaemia is iron deficiency anaemia. Anaemia in adolescent girls is defined as blood haemoglobin (Hb) level <12g/dL. The highest prevalence seen in ages of 14-19 years, more than 50% girls of this age are anaemic. It affects both physical endurance and cognitive performance in adolescent. Adolescent anaemia if not corrected at proper time, will attribute to the high maternal mortality rate, higher incidence of low birth weight babies and high perinatal mortality rates.

Aim: To establish the efficacy and safety of intravenous iron sucrose and to compare with oral iron ascorbate in management of iron deficiency anaemia in adolescent girls.

Materials and Methods: It is a prospective, interventional, hospital based clinical study carried out in over 61 adolescent girls (10-19) years, having haemoglobin 8-<12 g/dL. Thirty girls were given intravenous iron sucrose and 31 girls were given oral ferrous sulphate. In intravenous group, 200-800 mg intravenous iron sucrose has been given in divided doses, 200 mg (per dose) diluted in 200 ml of normal saline on alternate day whereas in oral group, 200 mg ferrous sulphate tablet given orally, twice daily for three weeks. Data was collected after four week for haemoglobin and Packed Cell Volume (PCV) estimation.

Results: A significant improvement of haemoglobin was observed with intravenous iron sucrose. The mean haemoglobin was increased from 9.90.94 gm/dL to 11.540.80 gm/dL after four weeks. Within a short span of four weeks, intravenous iron sucrose leads to a significant increase (p<0.001) in haemoglobin concentration of 1.60.83 g/dL compared to 0.890.48 g/dL increase in concentration of haemoglobin in oral iron sulphate group. Iron sucrose was very well tolerated. Only one out of 30 patients experienced headache and burning sensation at injection site. 20 (64.5%) girls in oral group complained of gastrointestinal side effects like nausea, dyspepsia and constipation compared to none in intravenous group.

Conclusion: Overall, intravenous iron sucrose therapy compared to oral iron ascorbate found to be very effective in treating mild to moderate anaemia in adolescent girls with negligible side effects and good safety profile.

Keywords

Adolescent anaemia, Adolescent girls, Haemoglobin, Packed cell volume

How to cite this article :

Saubhagya Kumar Jena, Arati Mallick, Sushree Sangeeta Rout. EVALUATION OF EFFICACY OF INTRAVENOUS IRON SUCROSE IN MANAGEMENT OF ADOLESCENT IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 November [cited: 2018 Jan 23 ]; 11:QC17-QC20. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=November&volume=11&issue=11&page=QC17-QC20&id=10856

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/31267.10856

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

Date of Submission: Jun 30, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Sep 04, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Oct 29, 2017
Date of Publishing: Nov 01, 2017

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