Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : September | Volume : 11 | Issue : 9 | Page : LC01 - LC05

Risk Factors for Kidney Stones in Rural Puducherry: Case-Control Study

Amol R Dongre, M Rajalakshmi, Pradeep R Deshmukh, MR Thirunavukarasu, Ravi Kumar

1. Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India. 2. Postgraduate Student, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India. 3. Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sewagram, Maharashtra, India. 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India. 5. Professor and Head, Department of Nephrology, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Amol R Dongre,
Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital,
Puducherry-605107, India.
E-mail: amolrdongre@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Renal stone is a distressing chronic condition which is getting common across the world. The rigorous evidence on multiple risk factors of kidney stone from a single study is limited.

Aim: To find out the social and dietary risk factors responsible for the occurrence of kidney stone in a local community in rural Puducherry, India.

Materials and Methods: It was a hospital-based unmatched case-control study. Based on existing information, a sample of 70 cases and 140 controls was calculated and considered adequate. The exposure information on recent cases was uniformly collected by interview and review of radiologic records and exposure information for controls was collected through interviews. Associations between the occurrence of renal stone as a dependent variable and multiple independent variables such as age, sex, socioeconomic status, type of family, religion, the source of drinking water and dietary practices were studied by using multiple logistic regression analysis.

Results: We found associations of occurrence of kidney stone with genetic predisposition (OR:16.98, CI;3.02-95.25), less frequency of urine per day (OR:5.95, CI;1.03-34.19) and dietary habit of eating red meat once a week (OR:32.28, CI; 9.7-143.2) and even once a month (OR:5.20, CI;1.44-18.77).

Conclusion: The risk of kidney stone was found high among those who had genetic predisposition, less frequency of urination per day and those who consumed red meat once a month or more. Patients and local community should be educated to reduce the red meat consumption and increase the consumption of water and fluid, especially during the hot climates.

Keywords

Epidemiologic factors, Nephrolithiasis, Renal stone

How to cite this article :

Amol R Dongre, M Rajalakshmi, Pradeep R Deshmukh, MR Thirunavukarasu, Ravi Kumar. RISK FACTORS FOR KIDNEY STONES IN RURAL PUDUCHERRY: CASE-CONTROL STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 September [cited: 2017 Nov 20 ]; 11:LC01-LC05. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=September&volume=11&issue=9&page=LC01-LC05&id=10561

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/29465.10561

Date of Submission: Apr 24, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Jun 12, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Jul 13, 2017
Date of Publishing: Sep 01, 2017

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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