Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : March | Volume : 11 | Issue : 3 | Page : BC21 - BC23

Prevalence of Nutritional Deficiency Anaemia and Its Impact on Scholastic Performance among Undergraduate Medical Students

Ningappa Asha Rani, Rajeshwari Arasegowda, Pramit Mukherjee, Shilpashree Yeliyur Dhananjay

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B G Nagara, Karnataka, India. 2. Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B G Nagara, Karnataka, India. 3. Student, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B G Nagara, Karnataka, India. 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B G Nagara, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Ningappa Asha Rani,
Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences,
B G Nagara-571448, Karnataka, India.
E-mail: ashanellore@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Nutritional deficiency anaemia can lead to development of headache, fatigue, lethargy, apathy, exertional dyspnoea, palpitations and tinnitus and thereby decrease the quality of everyday life to a great extent. Such symptoms may pose a hindrance for students in their academic life and have a negative impact on their career.

Aim: To determine prevalence of nutritional deficiency anaemia and its correlation with academic performance among medical students.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences. Two hundred eighty nine healthy undergraduate medical students of both genders were included in this study. A predesigned and pre-structured questionnaire was used as a tool to obtain information regarding demographic profile, dietary habits and academic performance. Haemoglobin level was estimated. Student’s t-test and Chi-square test were employed.

Results: Majority of the participants were within the age group of 17-20 years (84.4%). The overall prevalence of anaemia was 15.6% with high rates among female students (93.3%), this gender difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). There was statistically significant difference in Hb% (p=0.009) among high and low performers. There was no association between the anaemic status and students scholastic performance (c2=3.1533, p=0.368).

Conclusion: The mean haemoglobin level was higher among low performer, indicating that nutritional anaemia may not \play a major role in educational performance and intelligence in higher education.

Keywords

Academic performance, Haemoglobin levels, Rural area

How to cite this article :

Ningappa Asha Rani, Rajeshwari Arasegowda, Pramit Mukherjee, Shilpashree Yeliyur Dhananjay. PREVALENCE OF NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA AND ITS IMPACT ON SCHOLASTIC PERFORMANCE AMONG UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 March [cited: 2017 Mar 29 ]; 11:BC21-BC23. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=March&volume=11&issue=3&page=BC21-BC23&id=9597

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/25367.9597



Date of Submission: Nov 15, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Jan 03, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Jan 20, 2017
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2017



Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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