Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2016 | Month : May | Volume : 10 | Issue : 5 | Page : ZC134 - ZC137

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Curcumin in the Treatment of Oral Lichen Planus: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Maryam Amirchaghmaghi, Atessa Pakfetrat, Zahra Delavarian, Hanieh Ghalavani, Ala Ghazi

1. Associate Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. 2. Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. 3. Specialist of Oral Medicine, Mashhad, Iran. 4. Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. 5. Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Atessa Pakfetrat,
Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, VakilabadBlv,
Mashhad, P.O.Box 911735-984, Iran.
E-mail: pakfetrata@mums.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) is a chronic immunological, mucocutaneous disease with a wide range of clinical appearances. The treatment of oral lichen planus is often difficult and disappointing.

Aim: We have studied the efficacy of curcumin, a low molecular weight flavonoid with anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities, in the treatment of OLP.

Materials and Methods: In this study, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted with a total of 20 OLP patients. The patients were randomly divided into two groups, each treated with curcumin tablets at a dose of 2000 mg/day or placebo for a period of four weeks. Furthermore, the patients of both groups received routine treatment for OLP (i.e. Mouthwash Dexamethasone 0.5 mg and suspension Nystatin 100,000 Units). The baseline data were recorded for each patient. Patients were evaluated on day 14 and after completing the course of treatment. Pain and burning sensation were measured based on the Visual Analogue Scale, and the Thongprasom Index was used for clinical improvement and healing. Mann-Whitney and independent t-test were used to compare the responses between the two groups, p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Our analyses demonstrated no significant difference between the curcumin and placebo treated groups.

Conclusion: In conclusion, curcumin had no detectable effect in the treatment of OLP. However, a higher dose of curcumin administration and other forms of curcumin with improved bioavailability may be considered in future studies.

Keywords

Anti-inflammatory, Clinical trial, Erosive

How to cite this article :

Maryam Amirchaghmaghi, Atessa Pakfetrat, Zahra Delavarian, Hanieh Ghalavani, Ala Ghazi. EVALUATION OF THE EFFICACY OF CURCUMIN IN THE TREATMENT OF ORAL LICHEN PLANUS: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2016 May [cited: 2018 Jan 21 ]; 10:ZC134-ZC137. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2016&month=May&volume=10&issue=5&page=ZC134-ZC137&id=7870

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/16338.7870


Date of Submission: Aug 18, 2015
Date of Peer Review: Oct 15, 2015
Date of Acceptance: Jan 21, 2016
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2016


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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