Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

Users Online : 13448

Original article / research
Year : 2016 | Month : May | Volume : 10 | Issue : 5 | Page : OC48 - OC51

A Study of Physicochemical Properties of Subcutaneous Fat of the Abdomen and its Implication in Abdominal Obesity

Arvind Kumar Pandey, Pramod Kumar, Srinivas Aithal Kodavoor, Sushma Rama Kotian, Sudhakar Narahari Yathdaka, Dayanand Nayak, Anne D Souza, Antony Sylvan D Souza

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. 2. Consultant Plastic Surgeon, King Abdul Aziz Hospital, Sakaka, Al-Jouf, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. 3. Professor, Department of Physics, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. 4. Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. 5. Research Scholar, Department of Chemistry, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. 6. Research Scholar, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. 7. Assistant Professor , Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. 8. Associate Dean and Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Arvind Kumar Pandey,
Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal-576104, Karnataka, India.
E-mail: arvind.pandey@manipal.edu

Abstract

Introduction: The lower abdominal obesity is more resistant to absorption as compared to that of upper abdomen. Differences in the physicochemical properties of the subcutaneous fat of the upper and lower abdomen may be responsible for this variation. There is paucity of the scientific literature on the physicochemical properties of the subcutaneous fat of abdomen.

Aim: The present study was undertaken to create a database of physicochemical properties of abdominal subcutaneous fat.

Materials and Methods: The samples of subcutaneous fat from upper and lower abdomen were collected from 40 fresh autopsied bodies (males 33, females 7). The samples were prepared for physicochemical analysis using organic and inorganic solvents. Various physicochemical properties of the fat samples analysed were surface tension, viscosity, specific gravity, specific conductivity, iodine value and thermal properties. Data was analysed by paired and independent sample t-tests.

Results: There was a statistically significant difference in all the physicochemical parameters between males and females except surface tension (organic) and surface tension (inorganic) of upper abdominal fat, and surface tension (organic) of lower abdominal fat. In males, viscosity of upper abdominal fat was more compared to that of lower abdomen (both organic and inorganic) unlike the specific conductivity that was higher for the lower abdominal fat as compared to that of the upper abdomen. In females there were statistically significant higher values of surface tension (inorganic) and specific gravity (organic) of the upper abdomen fat as compared to that of lower abdomen. The initial and final weight loss of the lower abdominal fat as indicated by Thermo Gravimetric Analysis was significantly more in males than in female

Conclusion: The difference in the physicochemical properties of subcutaneous fat between upper and lower abdomen and between males and females could be responsible for the variant behaviour of subcutaneous abdominal fat towards resorption.

Keywords

Specific conductivity, Specific gravity, Surface tension, Thermal properties, Viscosity

How to cite this article :

Arvind Kumar Pandey, Pramod Kumar, Srinivas Aithal Kodavoor, Sushma Rama Kotian, Sudhakar Narahari Yathdaka, Dayanand Nayak, et al.. A STUDY OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SUBCUTANEOUS FAT OF THE ABDOMEN AND ITS IMPLICATION IN ABDOMINAL OBESITY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2016 May [cited: 2018 Jul 22 ]; 10:OC48-OC51. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2016&month=May&volume=10&issue=5&page=OC48-OC51&id=7888

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/16437.7888



Date of Submission: Aug 23, 2015
Date of Peer Review: Oct 31, 2015
Date of Acceptance: Feb 29, 2016
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2016


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

JCDR is now Monthly and more widely Indexed .
  • Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
  • Index Copernicus ICV 2016: 132.37
  • SCOPUS
  • Academic Search Complete Database
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • EBSCOhost
  • Embase & EMbiology
  • Google Scholar
  • HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
  • Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
  • Journal seek Database
  • Google
  • Popline (reproductive health literature)
  • www.omnimedicalsearch.com