Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2016 | Month : May | Volume : 10 | Issue : 5 | Page : CC09 - CC11

Beneficial Effect of Preferential Music on Exercise Induced Changes in Heart Rate Variability

R. Archana, R. Mukilan

1. Professor, Department of Physiology, Saveetha Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. 2. Senior Lecturer, Department of Physiology, CSI College of Dental Sciences and Research, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. R. Archana,
Professor, Department of Physiology, Saveetha Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu-602105, India.


Introduction: Music is known to reduce pain, anxiety and fear in several stressful conditions in both males and females. Further, listening to preferred music enhances the endurance during running performance of women rather than listening to non-preferred music. In recent years Heart Rate Variability (HRV) has been used as an indicator of autonomic nervous activity.

Aim: This study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of preferential music on HRV after moderate exercise.

Materials and Methods: This was an experimental study done in 30 healthy students aged between 20-25 years, of either sex. HRV was measured at rest, 15 minutes of exercise only and 15 minutes of exercise with listening preferential music in same participants. Data was analysed by One-Way ANOVA and Tukey HSD Post-hoc Test. Statistical significance was taken to be a p-value of less than 0.05.

Results: Low frequency and high frequency component was significantly increased followed by only exercise. Music minimized increase in both high and low frequency component followed by exercise. However, only high frequency change was statistically significant. LF/HF ratio was significantly increased followed by only exercise. Music significantly minimized increase in LF/HF ratio.

Conclusion: This study provides the preliminary evidence that listening to preferential music could be an effective method of relaxation, as indicated by a shift of the autonomic balance towards the parasympathetic activity among medical students.


Autonomic functions, Music therapy, Sympathetic and parasympathetic activity, Medical students

How to cite this article :

R. Archana, R. Mukilan. BENEFICIAL EFFECT OF PREFERENTIAL MUSIC ON EXERCISE INDUCED CHANGES IN HEART RATE VARIABILITY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2016 May [cited: 2018 Jul 17 ]; 10:CC09-CC11. Available from

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/18320.7740

Date of Submission: Dec 13, 2015
Date of Peer Review: Feb 04, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Mar 15, 2016
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2016


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