Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Table of Contents - Year : 2018 | Month : July | Volume : 12 | Issue : 7 | Page : CC01 - CC03

Neck Circumference as a Tool for Predicting Hyperuricaemia: A Hospital Based Cross-Sectional Study CC01-CC03

Ankita Chaturvedi, Sunita Tiwari, Narsingh Verma, Jagadish Narayan, Arvind Kumar Pal, Neena Srivastava

Correspondence
Dr. Arvind Kumar Pal,
Senior Resident, Department of Physiology, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh-226003, India.
E-mail: avineet2008@rediffmail.com

Introduction: Upper-body fat distribution has long been recognised as a risk factor to increased cardiovascular disease. Neck circumference has been used as an index for upper body fat distribution. Serum uric acid levels are also included as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

Aim: This study was aimed to evaluate the relationship of neck circumference as a parameter in predicting hyperuricaemia.

Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Physiology and Pathology of King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, from December 2016 to April 2017. A total of 160 subjects aged 18-60 years were enrolled in the study excluding those having any anatomical deformity, diabetes and/or hypertension for more than five years. Their anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, lipid profile, fasting plasma glucose and uric acid levels were measured.

Results: In this study, 62.5% subjects were males and 37.5% were females. Mean age of the study population was 38.8±13.17 years. The study population was divided into three groups based on their serum uric acid levels. Mean neck circumference of subjects with hyperuricaemia and normal serum uric acid levels were 38.42±2.34 cm and 37.35±3.99 cm respectively and was found significantly higher than subjects with below normal uric acid levels (34.80±4.33 cm). The association of uric acid level with neck circumference was highly significant (p - 0.011).

Conclusion: The significant association of uric acid level with neck circumference suggests neck circumference as an emerging novel marker for metabolic syndrome.