Road Traffic Injuries among Drivers and Pillion Riders using Two-Wheeler Motorized Vehicle in Western Uttar Pradesh LM01-LM03
Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (JNMC),
Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Aligarh, U.P., India
Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) today is public health and development problem. It is among the leading cause of head injury as well. Motorized Two-Wheeler (MTW) users are at distinguished risk for same. Though these vehicles are mostly driven by males, but females being pillion riders are too at increased risk. To explore the pattern of head injury among MTW users, a hospital based cross-sectional study was planned at Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital, Aligarh between August 2010 and July 2011. A total of 340 cases of Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) with Head Injury aged 15-45 years were included in the study using purposive sampling. There was a marked male preponderance with 261 (76.76%). However, among the pillion riders females outnumbered the males. The most vulnerable age group was 15-24 years. Distribution of scalp and brain injury was similar among the drivers and pillion riders. Most frequent of all scalp injuries was bruise/superficial injury. Severity of head injury and its outcome was similar with no significant difference between drivers and pillion riders.