Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Table of Contents - Year : 2017 | Month : September | Volume : 11 | Issue : 9 | Page : BC09 - BC13

Serum Uric Acid in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Hospital Based Case Control Study BC09-BC13

RajLaxmi Sarangi, Nirupama Varadhan, Jyotirmayee Bahinipati, Asha Dhinakaran, Anandaraj, Kandasamy Ravichandran

Correspondence
Dr. Rajlaxmi Sarangi,
Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar-751024, Odisha, India.
E-mail: drrajlaxmisarangi@gmail.com

Introduction: Airway inflammation and imbalance between oxidant/anti-oxidant mechanisms are postulated to play a major role in the pathogenesis and exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Previous studies on the role of serum Uric Acid (UA) in COPD subjects have been both confounding and inconclusive.

Aim: To measure the serum UA levels among COPD subjects and to correlate with different stages of the disease.

Materials and Methods: The study included 39 stable COPD subjects (21 males, 18 females; 13 smokers, 26 nonsmokers; age group; 40 to 60 years) and compared with 46 control subjects from the general population. Serum UA levels were measured by enzymatic colorimetric assay in fully automated analyser (Cobas Integra 400+, Roche, Germany) using commercially available kits from Roche. This was further correlated with duration and severity of COPD {determined as per Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) criteria}.

Results: The mean age of COPD and control subjects was 62.9711.30 and 48.7612.71 years, respectively (p<0.001). COPD cases had significantly higher level of UA compared to control subjects (4.851.67 vs. 2.320.93 mg/dl, respectively, p<0.001). Female subjects with COPD had higher levels of UA compared to their male counterparts (5.151.89 vs. 4.591.45 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.3). Similar insignificant (p=0.56) trend was also observed among control subjects. Hyperuricaemia correlated significantly (p< 0.05) with advance duration (= 10 years) of COPD; whereas, statistically insignificant trend was observed for GOLD stage 3/4 versus stage 1/2 disease. Nonsmokers were having higher uric acid level than smokers. Alcohol intake did not affect the level of uric acid in COPD cases (p=0.79).

Conclusion: Serum uric acid is a simple, cost effective biochemical test which may be useful in risk stratification of subjects with newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Hyperuricaemia is associated with advance duration and stage of COPD.