The Relation Between Dermatoglyphics And Mesiodistal Width Of The Deciduous Second Molar And Permanent First Molar ZC60-ZC63
Dr. Naveen Kumar Ramagoni,
Professor and Head, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry,
Navodaya Dental College and Hospital, Raichur-584102, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Dermatoglyphics is one of the important diagnostic tools used in the recent days for identification of an individual. Dermatoglyphics is the study of type of patterns present on digits, palms and foot. The mesiodistal diameter of the tooth is an important factor which reveals the tooth-bone discrepancy. Deciduous second molar and permanent first molar exhibit least degree of variation. Both the dermal ridges and the enamel layer of the tooth originate from ectodermal layer and during the same period of intrauterine life.
Aim: To determine and compare the dermatoglyphics with the mesiodistal width of the deciduous second molar and permanent first molar.
Materials and Methods: A sample of 120 child ranaged between 6-12 years were included in the study whose digital and palmer traits were recorded using ink method and the mesiodistal widths of the deciduous second molar and permanent first molar were recorded using a vernier caliper.The data was subjected to statistical analysis using unpaired t test.
Results: The ‘ATD’ angle was found in the range of 40°-50°. The loop patterns were more common followed by whorls and arch patterns. Girls expressed a greater mesiodistal diameter of deciduous second molar than boys. No significant correlation was found in between the dermatoglyphics and tooth size.
Conclusion: There was no significant correlation between the finger print patterns, ‘ATD’ angle and the mesiodistal diameter of the deciduous second molar and the permanent first molar.