Giving Birth After Fertility Sparing Treatment for a Yolk Sac Tumour: Case Report QD12-QD13
Dr. Georgios-Marios Makris,
9, Athanasiadou Street, Athens-11521, Greece.
Yolk Sac Tumours (YSTs) of the ovary, also called Endodermal Sinus Tumours (ESTs), are the second most common Malignant Ovarian Germ Cell Tumours (MOGCTs), after dysgerminomas. YSTs occur primarily in children and young women. We present a case report of a 20-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with YST (tumour diameter of 29 cm). The patient underwent fertility sparing surgery and was subsequently treated with adjuvant chemotherapy (four cycles of bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin). Two years after the diagnosis of YST, she successfully gave birth to a healthy girl (birth weight 3,500 g, Apgar score of 9-10 and a spontaneous vaginal delivery). During pregnancy, she had microscopic hematuria and bilateral nephrolithiasis was ultrasonographically diagnosed. The conception after fertility sparing treatment of YST is possible and the birth of a healthy child is feasible. There are no current guidelines for surveillance of such patients during pregnancy; however, structured pregnancy surveillance in such survivors seems necessary.