Does Selection and Management of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease In Government Run and Private Hospitals Differ? OC25-OC28
Dr. Aswini Raghavendra Dutt,
Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Yenepoya Medical College,
Deralakatte, Mangaluru-575018, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Globally, incidence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is rapidly rising with huge burden on the life expectancy of the patients. Regular haemodialysis improves the quality of life in these patients. They get treatment at either government run or private sector hospitals. A difference in disease pattern, comorbidity, patient management and number of access failures can be observed in these set ups.
Aim: The present study was carried out to find out selection, management and disease pattern of CKD patients admitted for dialysis in government run and private hospital.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study on patients (18–90 years) admitted and undergoing dialysis at government run (N=129) and private hospital (N=182) was undertaken in Karnataka, India. Parameters like comorbidity (diabetes), number of dialysis per week, number of access failures, and follow up visits were compared between these patients. Chi-squared test was used to compare the data. All tests were two-tailed and p< 0.05 was considered as significant.
Results: More number of younger patients and associated comorbidity, were seen in patients admitted in government run hospital (p<0.001), with no gender bias in selection of patients for dialysis between the two hospitals. Similarly, follow-ups with nephrologist, number of dialysis done per week and erythropoietin supplements administered were significantly more among private hospital patients (p<0.001). Number of dialysis sessions and mean haemoglobin level was less in government run hospital patients, as compared to those in private hospital. No statistical difference was seen with access failure in both these setups.
Conclusion: No bias in management of CKD patient was seen among the two sets of hospitals though available facilities seemed to vary.