POEMS Syndrome with Biclonal Gammopathy: A Rare Association XD12-XD13
Dr. Dibyendu De,
36/5 Anukul Chandra Road, Tentuleria, Garia, Kolkata-700084,
West Bengal, India.
Polyneuropathy, Organomegaly, Endocrinopathy, M protein and Skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is rare plasma cell dyscrasia with multisystem involvement. The name comes from the five characteristic features: Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein and skin changes. The presence of biclonal M band is a rare manifestation. Here, we are describing the cases of a 60-year-old lady, presented with bilateral pedal oedema and pericardial effusion and peripheral neuropathy. She also had hepatosplenomegaly, hyperpigmented rash and hypothyroidism and hyperparathyroidism. The serum protein electrophoresis and the immunofixation electrophoresis revealed two distinct monoclonal bands, immunoglobulin IgG kappa and IgA lambda. There was a mild increase in plasma cells and sclerotic bone lesion in pelvis. The POEMS syndrome is generally associated with lambda light chain restriction. The presence of biclonal gammopathy involving kappa and lambda is a rare manifestation. The pathogenic or prognostic role of different paraprotein is not known. Further studies are required to delineate such effect.