Life Threatening Severe Hypernatraemic Dehydration in Neonates: A Report of Two Cases SD10-SD12
Dr. Priyaja Paramasivam,
R. No.10, Pg Quarters, Smvmch, Puducherry-605107, India.
Hypernatraemic dehydration in neonates may lead to potentially lethal consequences like cerebral oedema, intracranial haemorrhage, hydrocephalus and gangrene. In the light of increase in the infants presenting with hypernatraemic dehydration, there is a definitive need to heighten the awareness and have a high degree of suspicion in diagnosis for this potentially lethal condition. We report two neonates of severe hypernatraemia with dehydration highlighting its diagnosis and management. Treatment of hypernatraemic dehydration involves correction of electrolyte imbalance by careful restoration of fluids and ensuring appropriate intake of calories. Promoting, protecting and supporting breastfeeding by careful breastfeeding assessment and including an early post partum follow up in the hospital protocol to detect any unusual weight loss in the newborn period plays a significant role in preventing this condition.