Surgical Management of a Separated Endodontic Instrument using Second Generation Platelet Concentrate and Hydroxyapatite ZD01-ZD03
Dr. Shefali Jain,
B 1101 The Citizen Sector 51, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.
Fractured endodontic instrument is an unfortunate endodontic mishap which may obstruct thorough cleaning and shaping of the root canals with potential impact on the endodontic prognosis and treatment outcome. When the fractured segment lies apical to canal curvature, overzealous removal of tooth structure is required to gain access to the separated segment which in turn increases the likelihood of root fracture. In infected cases, the stage at which instrument separation occurs is crucial as root canal disinfection is jeopardized. This case report describes the surgical retrieval of a fractured endodontic file from the mesiobuccal canal of mandibular first molar by limited resection of mesial root. Second generation platelet concentrate called Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) and nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite and ß- tricalcium phosphate bone graft was placed to fill the surgical defect as the combination enhances the regenerative effect of PRF by exerting an osteoconductive effect in the bony defect area. The clinical and radiographic examination after eighteen months revealed complete periapical healing.