Enhanced Expression of FRA16B using AT-Rich DNA Binding Chemicals in a Woman with Secondary Amenorrhoea QD01-QD03
Dr. Sathiyavedu Thyagarajan Santhiya,
Professor and Head (Retd.), Department of Genetics, Dr. ALM PG IBMS, University of Madras,
Taramani, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Fragile sites represent regions of chromatin that fail to compact during mitosis. Based on the prevalence and pattern of inheritance they are classified as rare fragile sites or common fragile sites. Rare fragile sites either occur spontaneously or can be induced by certain AT-specific binding chemicals namely distamycin, Hoechst 33258, Berenil and others. The most common of all rare autosomal fragile sites is fra(16)(q22) with a heterozygote frequency of ~5%. FRA16B results from an expansion of a 33 bp AT-rich Minisatellite repeat. These rare forms are usually heritable and segregate in a Mendelian fashion. The proband who was referred for secondary amenorrhoea, revealed 46,XX,fra(16)(q22.1) pat karyotype. Her father and younger sibling were also found to be carriers. This study aimed to delineate the genotypic and phenotypic features exhibited by these carriers and to evaluate FRA16B expression using AT-specific binding chemicals. The additives employed were Berenil, BrdU and Hoechst 33258. Berenil at a concentration of 150 µg/ml showed the highest expression of FRA16B. Although the recent breakthrough in molecular characterization of fragile sites plays a critical role in comprehending their association with various diseases, the physiological link between them and amenorrhoea is not clearly understood.