Clinicopathological Study of Carcinoma of the Ampulla of Vater with Special Reference to MUC1, MUC2 and MUC5AC Expression EC17-EC20
Dr. Maithili Mandar Kulkarni,
E-401, Samrajya, Shivthirthnagar, Paud road. Kothrud, Pune-411038, Maharashtra, India.
Introduction: The ampulla of Vater consists of papilla, common channel, distal common bile duct and the distal main pancreatic duct. Ampullary carcinomas arise from two different types of mucosa, reflecting their broad histomorphological spectrum. Adenocarcinomas originating in the ampulla of Vater are classified as having either ‘Intestinal’ or ‘pancreatobiliary’ type of differentiation. Pancreatobiliary type has consistently shown a worse prognosis. Various types of mucins are distributed in normal tissues and gastrointestinal tumours. MUC1, MUC2 and MUC5AC are known to be the most important amongst all.
Aim: To study clinicopathological features of different types of carcinoma of ampulla with MUC1, MUC2 and MUC5AC expression.
Materials and Methods: We included 20 cases of ampullary adenocarcinoma in this study, diagnosed after radical surgery. The histopathological slides were reviewed and the tumours were classified into intestinal type, pancreatobilliary and other types. Representative block of tumours was subjected to immunohistochemical (IHC) study with MUC1, MUC2 and MUC5AC antibodies. Results were subsequently analysed.
Results: Pancreaticobiliary type of ampullary carcinoma cases predominated (50%) over intestinal type (25%). Carcinomas of “other types” included one case each of mucinous carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma and undifferentiated carcinoma and well differentiated neuroendocrine tumours. Pancreatobiliary type of carcinomas was associated with higher tumour stage and grade and lymph node metastasis. All the pancreatobiliary type expressed MUC1 and all intestinal type carcinomas expressed MUC2. MUC 5AC expression was seen predominantly in pancreatobiliary type of ampullary carcinomas.
Conclusion: Mucin markers are associated with two different subtypes of ampullary carcinomas which have different prognosis. Immunohistochemical study of mucin expression can define the different types of carcinomas of ampulla of Vater with better objective criteria.