Assessing the Safety and Clinical Impact of Thoracoscopic Lung Biopsy in Patients with Interstitial Lung Disease OC57-OC59
Dr. Scott Lieberman,
Department of Pulmonary Critical Care, 2950 Cleveland Clinic, Blvd Weston, Florida-33331, USA.
Introduction: The clinical relevance of surgical lung biopsy in Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) is supported in the literature. Yet most reports reflect institutional or personal bias.
Aim: To evaluate the validity of radiologic diagnosis and clinical impact of lung biopsy to help clarify which patient benefit most from biopsy.
Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively managed database. All patients who had a surgical lung biopsy for ILD within a period of four year (2009 to 2013) were included. Data included patient demographics, peri-operative variables and outcomes. Preoperative Computed Tomography (CT) imaging was reviewed by a thoracic radiologist blinded to the original report and pathologic information.
Results: A total of 47 patients were included. Lung tissue was obtained via a thoracoscopic approach in all but two that had mini-thoracotomy. Mean operating time was 51.1 minutes (18-123), median hospital stay was two days (1-18). Most (87.2%) of the patients were discharged within 72 hours. Thirty day mortality for elective surgery was 4.5% (2/44). Post-operative complications occurred in about one third of the patients. Complications in elective procedures included pneumothorax (10.4%), re-intubation (5.4%) and prolonged intubation (2.7%). Full concordance of radiographic diagnosis with the final diagnosis was significantly higher when reviewed by a cardiothoracic radiologist (60.5% vs. 21.3%). The preoperative clinical diagnosis was fully concordant with the final diagnosis in only 28.2% of cases. In 13.0% of patients the preoperative diagnosis was incorrect. Malignancy was the final diagnosis in two (4.3%) patients. In 51.1% of the patients, results of the biopsy did alter therapy.
Conclusion: Diagnosis of specific ILD by a cardiothoracic radiologist is more specific and accurate and will probably lead to more appropriate therapy. Elective thoracoscopic surgical lung biopsy is a safe procedure, leads to a more accurate diagnosis of ILD and impacts therapy.