Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Table of Contents - Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : ZC05 - ZC08

Impact of Dental Disorders and its Influence on Self Esteem Levels among Adolescents ZC05-ZC08

Puneet Kaur, Simarpreet Singh, Anmol Mathur, Diljot Kaur Makkar, Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Manu Batra, Anshika Sharma, Nikita Goyal

Correspondence
Dr. Puneet Kaur,
Postgradute Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Surendera Dental College and Research Institute,
Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India.
E-mail: puneet_55555@yahoo.com

Introduction: Self esteem is more of a psychological concept therefore, even the common dental disorders like dental trauma, tooth loss and untreated carious lesions may affect the self esteem thus influencing the quality of life.

Aim: Thus, this study aims to assess the impact of dental disorders among the adolescents on their self esteem level.

Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among 10 to 17 years adolescents. In order to obtain a representative sample, multistage sampling technique was used and sample was selected based on Probability Proportional to Enrolment size (PPE). Oral health assessment was carried out using WHO type III examination and self esteem was estimated using the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale score (RSES). The descriptive and inferential analysis of the data was done by using IBM SPSS software. Logistic and linear regression analysis was executed to test the individual association of different independent clinical variables with self esteem.

Results: Total sample of 1140 adolescents with mean age of 14.95 2.08 and RSES of 27.09 3.12 were considered. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was applied and best predictors in relation to RSES in the descending order were Dental Health Component (DHC), Aesthetic Component (AC), dental decay {(aesthetic zone), (masticatory zone)}, tooth loss {(aesthetic zone), (masticatory zone)} and anterior fracture of tooth.

Conclusion: It was found that various dental disorders like malocclusion, anterior traumatic tooth, tooth loss and untreated decay causes a profound impact on aesthetics and psychosocial behaviour of adolescents, thus affecting their self esteem.