A Qualitative Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Pharmacovigilance among Doctors and Nursing Staff in a Tertiary Care Hospital in India FC01-FC03
Dr. Bharat Gajjar,
Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Pramukhswami Medical College., Karamsad-38825, Gujarat, India.
Introduction: Pharmacovigilance is the branch of science that deals with the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse reactions to medicines (i.e., adverse drug reactions or ADRs). The purpose of pharmacovigilance is to implement the safe and rational use of medicines, which ultimately helps in improving patient care.
Aim: To investigate the Knowledge, Attitude And Practice (KAP) of clinicians, residents and nursing staff towards pharmacovigilance and Adverse Drug Events (ADE) reporting and to identify possible reasons for underreporting and to receive suggestions to improve the ADE reporting.
Materials and Methods: This was a qualitative study, conducted at Shree Krishna Hospital, attached to Pramukhswami Medical Collage, Karamsad, Gujarat, India. ‘Focused Group Discussions’ were organized which consisted of 5-10 clinicians and residents of the same departments and 10-15 nursing staff members. Their KAP regarding ADE reporting were assessed by using a structured open ended questionnaire. Data were analysed with qualitative methods.
Results: Total six sessions of Focused group discussion were conducted consisting of 42 clinicians and residents (16 were faculty members and 26 were residents) and seven sessions of Focused group discussion were conducted, consisting of 89 nursing staff members. Most of the participants knew the meaning of ADR and importance of ADR reporting. They all agreed that it’s their responsibility also to report ADE. Some of the participants admitted, forgetfulness and workload as major constraints. There was a suggestion of display phone number of department of Pharmacology for coordination and maintaining a separate register for ADEs in each ward.
Conclusion: In spite of awareness and willingness for reporting of ADEs amongst the clinicians and residents, the practice is lacking because they do not consider this work as their priority.