Comparative Evaluation of Arimedadi Oil with 0.2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate in Prevention of Plaque and Gingivitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial ZC31-ZC34
Dr. Gaurao Vasant Mali,
Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry Acpm Dental College,
Sakri Road Dhule-424001, Maharashtra, India.
Introduction: Chemical plaque control measures are advocated to maintain proper oral hygiene. Ayurvedic medicines are alternatives considered with minimal side effects to treat systemic diseases and dental diseases. So the present study was conducted to assess the anti-plaque efficacy of Arimedadi (herbal) oil against 0.2% Chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash.
Aim: To assess the anti-plaque efficacy of Arimedadi (herbal) oil against 0.2% Chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash.
Materials and Methods: A total of 45 patients aged 18 to 21 years, with mild to moderate gingivitis were recruited and were divided randomly into three groups with 15 subjects in each group. After baseline data, scaling and polishing was performed. Group A, as Control, Group B, Chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash and Group C used experimental Arimedadi oil mouthwash. Instructions were given to use 10 ml mouthwash twice daily after 30 min of tooth brushing for 1 min till 21 days. Plaque Index (PI) and Gingival Index (GI) were taken to assess Plaque and Gingival health on 7th day, 14th day and at 21st day. The statistical analysis was done using Paired t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Post Hoc test.
Results: There was similar improvement in gingival health among both groups compared to control group up to 21 days (p<0.001). However from 14th day to 21st day there was no difference in gingival health between Chlorhexidine and Arimedadi group (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Arimedadi oil is equally effective to Chlorhexidine gluconate as an adjunct to mechanical plaque control in prevention of plaque accumulation and gingivitis. Arimedadi oil could be an effective and safe alternative to 2% Chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash due to its prophylactic and therapeutic benefits.