Certainty of S100 from Physiology to Pathology ZE10-ZE15
Dr. Puneeth Horatti Kuberappa,
Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, St Joseph Dental College, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India.
S100 exists in wide variety of tissues and cell types, originally isolated from brain tissue and they are of low molecular weight proteins. S100 is evenly distributed in cytoplasm and also in nucleoplasm and is involved in both intercellular and extracellular functions. S100 protein is generally expressed in normal and also in pathological conditions. In current review, we discuss: a) update nomenclature of the various S100 proteins, b) expression of S100 in oral diseases (different soft tissue tumors, odontogenic cyst and tumor) for diagnostic value and also to know their histogenesis, c) role of S100 and RAGE receptor in oral squamous cell carcinoma.