Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Case report
Table of Contents - Year : 2016 | Month : June | Volume : 10 | Issue : 6 | Page : PD22 - PD24

Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) for Excision of an Ectopic Anterior Mediastinal Intra-Thymic Parathyroid Adenoma PD22-PD24

Dukhabandhu Naik, Kumaradoss Felix Jebasingh, Ramprasath, Gnanamuthu Birla Roy, Mazhuvanchary Jacob Paul

Correspondence
Dr. Mazhuvanchary Jacob Paul,
Professor and Head, Department of Endocrinology Surgery,
Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore-632004, India.
E-mail: mjpaul@cmcvellore.ac.in

Ectopic anterior mediastinal parathyroid adenoma is a rare cause of Primary Hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Imaging studies such as Technetium-99m (99mTc) sestamibi parathyroid scan along with a Single Photon Emission Computerized Tomogram (SPECT), and contrast enhanced Computerized Tomogram (CT) of the neck and thorax can precisely localize the ectopic mediastinal parathyroid adenoma. We report a 40-year-old gentleman who presented with persistent pain in the right shoulder following trivial trauma. His biochemical investigations showed an elevated serum calcium of 11.6mg% (Normal: 8.3-10.4 mg%) along with an elevated iPTH of 1443 pg/ml (normal: 8-70 pg/ml) which were suggestive of primary hyperparathyroidism. The localization studies revealed an ectopic cystic parathyroid adenoma in the anterior mediastinum that was not accessible from the neck. He underwent a Video Assisted Thoracoscopic (VAT) excision procedure with normalization of serum calcium and an uncomplicated recovery. The VAT approach is a successful minimally invasive technique for mediastinal parathyroidectomy.