Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Table of Contents - Year : 2016 | Month : June | Volume : 10 | Issue : 6 | Page : LO01 - LO05

Life Course Socioeconomic Transition and its Association with Early Onset Type 2 Diabetes: Protocol for a Sequential Exploratory Mixed Method Study LO01-LO05

Sankar Vadassery Uma, V Kutty Raman, Santhosh Kumar Nochikattil

Dr. Sankar Vadassery Uma,
C/O Dr. V. Raman Kutty,
Second Floor, Achutha Menon Centre for Health Sciences Studies (AMCHSS)
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Science & Technology (SCTIMST), Trivandrum, Kerala-695011, India.

Introduction: The prevalence of early onset type 2 diabetes (Diabetes below the age of 45 years) is increasing worldwide. Transition in socio-economic position–i.e. Life Course Socio-Economic Transition (LSET) - may contribute to the development of early onset T2D through complex processes involving economic and occupational opportunities as well as individual life style choices.

Aim: To develop and validate the life course socioeconomic transition questionnaire and to know the association between life courses socioeconomic transition and early onset type 2 diabetes.

Materials and Methods: This study follows sequential exploratory mixed method study design. It consists of one qualitative strand followed by two quantitative strands. Qualitative strand consist of in- depth interview among the community dwellers to develop a tool for measuring LSET. Two quantitative strands consist of the validation of the questionnaire by conducting cross-sectional survey among 200 randomly selected community dwellers and a hospital based case control study using the same questionnaire.

Results: Those who have a history of lower SEP during his childhood period and enjoying higher SEP during his adulthood period have an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes at their younger age (18-45 years).

Conclusion: This study will help to develop a validated life course socioeconomic transition questionnaire and application of that tool in an epidemiological study.