Life Course Socioeconomic Transition and its Association with Early Onset Type 2 Diabetes: Protocol for a Sequential Exploratory Mixed Method Study LO01-LO05
Dr. Sankar Vadassery Uma,
C/O Dr. V. Raman Kutty,
Second Floor, Achutha Menon Centre for Health Sciences Studies (AMCHSS)
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Science & Technology (SCTIMST), Trivandrum, Kerala-695011, India.
Introduction: The prevalence of early onset type 2 diabetes (Diabetes below the age of 45 years) is increasing worldwide. Transition in socio-economic position–i.e. Life Course Socio-Economic Transition (LSET) - may contribute to the development of early onset T2D through complex processes involving economic and occupational opportunities as well as individual life style choices.
Aim: To develop and validate the life course socioeconomic transition questionnaire and to know the association between life courses socioeconomic transition and early onset type 2 diabetes.
Materials and Methods: This study follows sequential exploratory mixed method study design. It consists of one qualitative strand followed by two quantitative strands. Qualitative strand consist of in- depth interview among the community dwellers to develop a tool for measuring LSET. Two quantitative strands consist of the validation of the questionnaire by conducting cross-sectional survey among 200 randomly selected community dwellers and a hospital based case control study using the same questionnaire.
Results: Those who have a history of lower SEP during his childhood period and enjoying higher SEP during his adulthood period have an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes at their younger age (18-45 years).
Conclusion: This study will help to develop a validated life course socioeconomic transition questionnaire and application of that tool in an epidemiological study.