Non-Secretory Myeloma, Diagnosed on Renal Biopsy as Cast Nephropathy ED04-ED05
Dr. Sumit Grover,
Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital,
Tagore Nagar, Ludhiana, Punjab- 141001, India.
Multiple myeloma is a disorder of plasma cells which can involve kidneys in the form of cast nephropathy. Neoplastic plasma cells produce either complete immunoglobulins or fragments of immunoglobulins leading to a monoclonal spike in the serum and/or Bence Jones proteinuria. Very few patients present as non-secretory myeloma when no immunoglobulins (M spike) are produced or only light chains are secreted which can only be detected in urine. Acute renal failure due to cast nephropathy can rarely be the first presentation of multiple myeloma. We here in report a case in which primary diagnosis of multiple myeloma was made on renal biopsy due to its characteristic histomorphology. The diagnosis was later on supported by presence of neoplastic plasma cells in the aspirate and biopsy of bone marrow.