Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Table of Contents - Year : 2016 | Month : May | Volume : 10 | Issue : 5 | Page : IC01 - IC04

The Prevalence and Affecting Factors on Self-Medication Among Students of Kermanshah University of Medical Science in 2014 IC01-IC04

Sayed Mojtaba Ahmadi, Khadije Jamshidi, khirollah sadeghi, Alireza Abdi, Mansour Pashaie Vahid

Correspondence
Dr. Khadije Jamshidi,
Faculty of Health, Isar Square, the Student Research Committee,
Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
E-mail: A_abdi61@yahoo.com

Introduction: Self-medication is an increasingly growing health problem, which has many adverse effects on human and the cost used in the production of medications.

Aim: The current study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of self-medication among student of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2014.

Materials and Methods: In a descriptive-cross-sectional study, 364 students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences were recruited through stratified random sampling method. Data collection was done by researcher-made questionnaire, entered to SPSS22 software and analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: Of the 364 students, prevalence of self-medication was 123 (33.7%) the mean age was 21.631.92, among them 64.2% took the medication from the pharmacy and 34.95% have faced complications of self-medication. The main cause of self-medication among students were the history of a disease of taking medication (44.71%), deemed no importance of the disease (34.95%), and easy accessibility of the medication (20.32%).

Conclusion: With regard to the high prevalence of self-medication among the students, it is suggested to provide educational programs on the adverse effects of self-medication, and appropriate measures to control and prevent easy access to the medications.