Effect of Green and White Tea Pretreatment on Remineralization of Demineralized Dentin by CPP-ACFP- An Invitro Microhardness Analysis ZC85-ZC89
Dr. Kavitha Sanjeev,
Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Srm Dental College,
Bharathisalai, Ramapuram, Chennai-600089, India.
Introduction: Mechanical performance of dentine is of major significance for the overall function of the teeth. Remineralization of carious dentine is the ultimate goal in re-establishing the functionality of the affected tissue so as to regain and maintain the mechanical properties of dentine. Functional remineralization of the affected dentin involves stabilization of both inorganic and organic component, but Caesin Phosphopeptide Amorphous Calcium Flurophosphate (CPP-ACFP) stabilizes only inorganic content. Hence to stabilize organic content and to bring in functional remineralization the use of anticollagenolytic and antielastastic agent was considered for this study.
Aim: To assess and compare the remineralization of artificial carious dentin pre treated with white and green tea, before and after application of CPP-ACFP using microhardness test. Null hypothesis was that both teas did not have any effect on remineralization potential of CPP ACFP.
Materials and Methods: Forty specimens were subjected to artificial caries lesions and were randomly divided into 4 groups based on the application of tea extract followed by CPP-ACFP (groups A & B) and CPP-ACFP followed by tea extracts (groups C & D). All the specimens were subjected to two pH cycling regimen. The specimens were subjected to Vickers microhardness test to obtain the microhardness values. The values were statistically analysed using one-way ANOVA and multiple comparisons with Tukey’s HSD procedure.
Results: After the 1st and 2nd pH cycling in groups A and B, Group B showed significant increase in microhardness values (35.79± 3.12 VHN). But after the pH cycling regimen in groups C and D, microhardness values increased in 1st pH cycling (50.03± 3.64 VHN); (50.03±3.64 VHN), respectively but decreased during the 2nd pH cycling, (33.94±6.45 VHN); (33.11±6.11 VHN) respectively with the level of significance <0.05.
Conclusion: The results of this study rejects the hypothesis tested and showed that both the tea extracts increased the microharness values when used prior to the application of remineralizing agent. However, white tea showed better results indicating stabilization of collagen in dentine resulting in functional remineralization.