Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Experimental Research
Table of Contents - Year : 2016 | Month : April | Volume : 10 | Issue : 4 | Page : FF06 - FF10

Effect of Morinda citrifolia (Noni) Fruit Juice on High Fat Diet Induced Dyslipidemia in Rats FF06-FF10

Ahsan Shoeb1, M.C. Alwar, Preethi J. Shenoy, P. Gokul

Correspondence
Dr. Preethi J. Shenoy,
Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, P.B. No.53, Light House Hill Road,
Hampanakatta, Mangalore-575001 Karnataka, India.
E-mail: meddocpai2@yahoo.com

Introduction: The medicinal value of Morinda citrifolia L. (commonly known as Noni) has been explored in ancient folk remedies with a wide range of therapeutic utility, including antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antitumour, analgesic, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory and immune enhancing effects.

Aim: The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of Noni fruit juice on serum lipid profile in high fat diet induced murine model of dyslipidemia.

Materials and Methods: Hyperlipidemia was induced by feeding a cholesterol rich high fat diet for 45 days in wistar albino rats of either sex (n=8). Noni fruit juice administered at 50mg/kg/day and 100mg/kg/day, per oral, was compared with the standard drug Atorvastatin (10mg/kg/day, oral) fed for the latter 30 days. The blood samples were then sent for complete blood lipid profile, after 30 days of treatment. The data presented as mean ± SEM was analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s post-hoc test. The p <0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results: The Noni fruit juice treated group showed a significant decrease in the total cholesterol, triglycerides and very low density lipoprotein - Cholesterol at both the doses when compared to the disease control (p<0.05). However, the decrease in the TC (102.75±9.79 mg/dL) and LDL-C (47.87±7.47 mg/dL) levels observed with the noni fruit juice at the 50mg/kg dose employed, failed to show a statistical significance when compared to atorvastatin.

Conclusion: The present study provides evidence for the hypolipidemic activity of Noni fruit juice in high fat diet induced hyperlipidemia in rats.