Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Table of Contents - Year : 2016 | Month : March | Volume : 10 | Issue : 3 | Page : AC01 - AC03

Variations in Branching Pattern of Renal Artery in Kidney Donors Using Ct Angiography AC01-AC03

Kumaresan Munnusamy, Sankaran Ponnusamy Kasirajan, Karthikeyan Gurusamy, Gunapriya Raghunath Shilpakala Leshappa Bolshetty, Sudakshina Chakrabarti, Priyadarshini Annadurai, Zareena Begum Miyajan

Correspondence
Dr. Sankaran Ponnusamy Kasirajan,
18, Pillaiyar Koil ST, Thirumazhisai, Chennai-600124, India.
E-mail : drpks@live.com

Introduction: Each kidney is supplied by a single renal artery originating from abdominal aorta. Since there are lots of renal surgeries happening now-a-days, it becomes mandatory for the surgeons to understand the abnormality and variations in the renal vasculature.

Aim: To study the variations in the branching pattern of renal artery for the presence of early division and accessory renal artery in Indian kidney donors using CT angiography.

Materials and Methods: The CT angiogram images of 100 normal individuals willing for kidney donation were analysed for early divisions and occurrence of accessory renal artery.

Results: A 51% of kidney donors showed variation in the renal artery. Out of 51% variations 38 individuals had accessory renal artery and 13 individuals had early division of renal artery. The distribution of accessory renal artery was equal on both sides (13% on right and left) and 12% of individuals had accessory renal artery on both sides. Out of 13% earlier divisions, 5% was on right side, 7% was on left side and 1% was on both sides.

Conclusion: This study concludes that 51% of kidney donors had renal artery variations. Hence, awareness of variations by evaluating the donors is a must before renal transplantation, urological procedures and angiographic interventions.