Impact of Aprotinin - A Proteolytic Enzyme on Postsurgical Symptoms in Patients Undergoing Third Molar Surgeries ZC18-ZC22
Dr. Deepa Ponnaiyan,
F4 Rajendra Apartments, No 9 Babu Rajendra Prasad Street, West Mambalam, Chennai 600033, India
Introduction: Dealing with postoperative pain and inflammation remains an arena for never ending research. Different agents have been the subject of many studies to prevent the occurrence of unpleasant postoperative sequel. Extraction of third molars is often associated with significant deterioration in oral health related quality of life (physical, social and psychological) in immediate postoperative period. The complaints of pain, swelling and limitation of mouth opening, which ensue as a result of acute inflammatory response, are frequent consequences of postsurgical procedures involving extraction of impacted 3rd molars.
Aim: Aprotinin, a naturally occurring protease inhibitor was assessed for its effectiveness in plummeting postsurgical pain and swelling, after surgical removal of impacted 3rd molars.
Materials and Methods: Thirty randomly selected adult patients age ranging from 16-35 years, who required simultaneous surgical removal of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars were recruited. Before the surgical procedure, randomly selected side of the patient was injected with 1 m of 10,000 Kallikrein Inactivator Units (KIU) of aprotinin sub-mucosally around the surgical site and the contra lateral side with 1ml of isotonic saline as a control following which adequate local anaesthesia was obtained. The surgical removal of impacted 3rd molars was conducted in a similar manner on both test and control sides on all patients. Postoperatively, the patients were evaluated for pain and swelling for one week i.e., 1st, 2nd and 7th day.
Results: It was observed that there was marked clinical reduction in postoperative pain and swelling. There were no adverse affects observed after using aprotinin.
Conclusion: Since, the current pharmacologic agents being used have adverse effects and associated morbidity which still pose a problem, aprotinin a naturally occurring agent could be efficiently used after surgical extraction of 3rd molars in management of postsurgical symptoms and improve patient comfort and quality of life. In future, further studies with use of aprotinin in a large number of patients and comparative studies with other drugs are required.