Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture Fixation – Is Proximal Femoral Locked Compression Plate Better Than Dynamic Hip Screw RC09-RC13
Dr. Sohail Ahmad,
Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College,
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh- 202002, India.
Background: Intertrochanteric fractures are one of the most common fractures encountered in our practice. Most of them need operative intervention and union is achieved. As per the literature dynamic hip screw (DHS) is the gold standard for the treatment of these fractures, however problem arises with maintenance of neck shaft angle and proper reduction in unstable intertrochanteric fractures. The situation gets more complex when “cut out” of femoral head screw occurs either alone or in combination with varus collapse when they are treated with DHS. Here we are giving results of unstable intertrochanteric fractures treated with Proximal Femoral Locked Compression Plate (PFLCP) as compared with similar patients treated with Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS).
Materials and Methods: The study included a total of 27 patients (17 males, 10 females) with unstable intertrochanteric fractures who were subjected to PFLCP treatment from March 2011 to November 2012 in one group. Another was a similar group of 35 patients treated with DHS from March 2008 to February 2010. Results of group 1 were compared with group 2. Detailed clinical conditions of all patients, duration of surgery, blood loss, length of incision and duration of image intensifier use were recorded. Patients were revisited at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after operation. Results were evaluated clinically by Harris hip Score and radiologically for fracture union. Progress of union and complications (limb shortening, varus collapse, cut out of femoral head screw and medialization of distal fragment) were recorded.
Results: Among 27 patients treated with PFLCP, one patient expired 6 week postoperatively and one patient lost to follow up, so 25 patients were evaluated for final outcome of which 23 (92%) showed union at follow up of 12 months. One patient developed bending of proximal screws and three developed varus collapse. Among the group treated with DHS, eight patients developed varus collapse, seven developed medialization and three had femoral head screw cut out. According to Harris hip Score 88% cases had good to excellent result in PFLCP group whereas only 60% cases in the DHS group had good to excellent result.
Conclusion: Treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures with proximal femoral locked plate (PFLCP) can give good healing, with a limited occurrence of complication.