Prevalence of Anaemia among Postnatal Mothers in Coastal Karnataka LC17-LC20
Dr. Chythra Raghavendra Rao,
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College,
(Manipal University) Madhavanagar, Manipal-576104, India.
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: Postpartum is the most neglected period in reproductive cycle of woman. Prevalence of anaemia in developing countries ranges from 50-95%.
Aim: To estimate the prevalence of anaemia among postnatal mothers.
Setting and design: A community based cross-sectional study among recently delivered mothers residing in field practice area of Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.
Materials and Methods: The study sample included 401 respondents who were selected using stratified random sampling with proportionate allocation from all rural health centres. Data was collected by personal interviews followed by haemoglobin estimation by indirect cyanomethaemoglobin method.
Results: The prevalence of postnatal anaemia was 26.5% (Anaemia = Hb<12gm/dl). There were no cases of severe anaemia. Postnatal anaemia was predominantly seen in mothers of age < 20 years and half of the mothers with inter-pregnancy intervals less than two years were found to be anaemic. Illiteracy was identified as a significant variable (OR=11.23, 95% CI = 1.90-65.08) for postpartum anaemia.
Conclusion: The prevalence of anaemia was significantly lower in the present study; however sustained efforts have to be made to further lower the prevalence of postnatal anaemia in order to promote the health and well-being of women.