Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Table of Contents - Year : 2016 | Month : January | Volume : 10 | Issue : 1 | Page : EC12 - EC14

An Affordable, Indigenous Polarizer-Analyser System with Inbuilt Retardation Plate Function to Detect Birefringence using 3D Glasses: An Experience EC12-EC14

Desai Parth Anil, Dange Prasad Sudhir, Annapurna Saksena, Nita Khurana

Dr. Desai Parth Anil,
A/9, Mehali Apartment, Near Gokulam Dairy, Athwalines, Surat-395001, India.

Introduction: Polarizing microscope plays a vital role in few but unique situations. A pair of cross polarizers is used to confirm the presence of birefringent substances. Also, a red retardation plate is needed to evaluate the sign of birefringence. However, a polarizing microscope especially with retardation plate is very expensive. Thus, an affordable yet effective substitute using the 3D Polaroid glasses used for ‘3D movies’ would enable widespread use of the polarizing system.

Aim: To study the use of 3D polaroid glasses procured from cinema halls in detecting birefringence substances and to study the red retardation plate function in them.

Materials and Methods: Passive 3D Polaroid glasses were procured from cinema halls. They were arranged in aspecific manner to obtain polarized light. Red retardation plate function can be obtained by changing the arrangement of the glasses. These glasses were used with various available models of different light microscope manufacturers. Various specimens observed included amyloid deposits, woven and lamellar bone, skeletal muscle striations, urate crystals, cholesterol crystals, suture material and glove powder. The comparison was based on subjective interpretation of intensity and quality of birefringence. Sign of birefringence was also determined whenever relevant.

Results: The birefringence observed by our system was comparable to the commercially available polarizing system with respect to intensity and quality. Also, there were no false positive /negative results when compared with the commercial Polarizing microscope. Moreover, the system had an inbuilt red retardation plate to determine sign of birefringence.

Conclusion: The system is efficient, cheap, easily accessible, portable and compatible with all models of light microscopes.