Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Table of Contents - Year : 2016 | Month : January | Volume : 10 | Issue : 1 | Page : EC01 - EC03

Volume Conductivity and Scatter Parameters as an Indicator of Acute Bacterial Infections by the Automated Haematology Analyser EC01-EC03

Pooja K Suresh, Jessica Minal, Purnima S Rao, Kirthinath Ballal, Hanaganahalli B Sridevi, Mahesha Padyana

Dr Jessica Minal,
Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College,
Light House Hill Road, Mangalore-575001, India.

Introduction: Complete blood picture is the first and foremost investigation ordered for evaluation of acute infectious processes which require early and prompt intervention. With the advent of automated Coulter Haematology analysers, the Volume, Conductivity & Scatter parameters of the leucocytes could be analysed for the early detection of the infections.

Aim: To evaluate the clinical usefulness of Volume, Conductivity & Scatter parameters of neutrophils & monocytes in predicting the onset of acute bacterial infections.

Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood samples from 94 patients with infections (systemic infections n=36 & localised infections n=58) and 46 control subjects were studied using the Volume, Conductivity & Scatter parameters by the Coulter Haematology analyser.

Results: We observed a significant increase in the mean channel of neutrophil volume & mean channel of monocyte volume from patients with infections (both systemic & localised) as compared with control subjects (Mean Neutrophil Volume: 158.3 13.7 vs 137.2 4.3; p<0.001) & (Mean Monocyte Volume: 177.8 16 vs 161.7 6.04; p <0.001). However, there was no significant difference in the Mean Neutrophil Volume of patients with systemic infection &localised infections (160.517.5 vs 156.810.5, p>0.05).

Conclusion: The Volume, Conductivity & Scatter parameters like Mean Neutrophil Volume & Mean Monocyte Volume are more sensitive parameters and could prove to be a quick diagnostic indicator of acute bacterial infections.