Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Bhanu K Bhakhri

"The Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) has been in operation since almost a decade. It has contributed a huge number of peer reviewed articles, across a spectrum of medical disciplines, to the medical literature.
Its wide based indexing and open access publications attracts many authors as well as readers
For authors, the manuscripts can be uploaded online through an easily navigable portal, on other hand, reviewers appreciate the systematic handling of all manuscripts. The way JCDR has emerged as an effective medium for publishing wide array of observations in Indian context, I wish the editorial team success in their endeavour"



Dr Bhanu K Bhakhri
Faculty, Pediatric Medicine
Super Speciality Paediatric Hospital and Post Graduate Teaching Institute, Noida
On Sep 2018




Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"



Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dematolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018




Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."



Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018




Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."



Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018




Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."



Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
Lucknow
On Sep 2018




Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."



Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata




Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
Muzaffarnagar.
On Aug 2018




Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".



Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
Bengaluru.
On Aug 2018




Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".



Dr. Mamta Gupta
Consultant
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018




Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.


Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."



Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
E-mail: drrajendrak1@rediffmail.com
On May 11,2011




Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."



Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
E-mail: ravi.dr.shankar@gmail.com
On April 2011

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2014 | Month : February | Volume : 8 | Issue : 2
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (94)

A Review of Literature to Understand the Complexity of Equity, Ethics and Management for Achieving Public Health Goals in India 1-6

Pankaj Garg, Jitender Nagpal

Morphometric Study of Left Coronary Artery Trunk in Adult Human Cadavers: A Study on the Eastern Region Population 7-9

Sanchita Roy, Avanish Gupta, Baljit Kaur Nanrah, Minakshi Verma, Ritaban Saha

Variations in the Pulmonary Venous Ostium in the Left Atrium and Its Clinical Importance 10-11

Prasanna L.C., Praveena R., A.S. D’souza, Kumar M.R. Bhat

Association of Body Mass Index (BMI) with Lung Function Parameters in Non-asthmatics Identified by Spirometric Protocols 12-14

Joyashree Banerjee, Anindya Roy, Anilbaran Singhamahapatra, Pranab Kumar Dey, Achyut Ghosal, Anubrata Das

Bimanual Coordination: Influence of Age and Gender 15-16

Ashwini K. Shetty, Vinutha Shankar M.S., Nachal Annamalai

A Comparative Study to Evaluate the Effect of Crook Lying Position versus Sitting Position on Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) in Healthy Individuals 17-19

Dharampal Singh Sudan, Harvinder Singh

Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) - A Marker of Circulating Lipids in Type 2 Diabetic Patients 20-23

Prabhavathi K., Kirthana Kunikullaya U., Jaisri Goturu

Prevalence of Hypoparathyroidism (HPT) in Beta Thalassemia Major 24-26

Khalida Parveen Basha N, Beena Shetty, U V Shenoy

Effect of Smoking on Metalloproteinases (MMPs) Activity in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) 27-30

Sreekanth K Sivaraman, Geevar Zachariah, PT Annamala

Status of Homocysteine in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) 31-33

Priyanka Maleedhu, Vijayabhaskar M., Sharma S.S.B., Praveen K Kodumuri, Vasundhara Devi D.

Apo B/Apo A-I Ratio is Statistically A Better Predictor of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) than Conventional Lipid Profile: A Study from Kathmandu Valley, Nepal 34-36

Hem Kumar Tamang, Uddhav Timilsina, Khelanand Prasad Singh, Sanjit Shrestha, Ramendra Kumar Raman, Pujan Panta, Preeti Karna, Laxmi Khadka, Chandika Dahal

Relationship between Lipoprotein(a) and Thyroid Hormones in Hypothyroid Patients 37-39

Ramachandran Kaliaperumal, Ebenezer William, Thangapaneer Selvam, Shyam Krishnan M.

Progression of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) from Stable Angina (SA) Towards Myocardial Infarction (MI): Role of Oxidative Stress 40-43

Neha Uppal, Vibha Uppal, Pankaj Uppal

Profile of Yeasts Isolated from Urinary Tracts of Catheterized Patients 44-46

Meena Mishra, Seema Agrawal, Sharmila Raut, A. M. Kurhade, R. M. Powar

Evaluation of Culture, Antigen Detection and Polymerase Chain Reaction for Detection of Vaginal Colonization of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) in Pregnant Women 47-49

Kavitha Paul Konikkara, Shrikala Baliga, Suchithra Shenoy, Bharati B.

Pneumococcal Infections at a Rural Tertiary Care Hospital: A Seven Year Study on Isolation Rate, Clinical Spectrum and Antibiogram 50-52

Anitha Deva, Subba Rama Prasad, Beena Parvangada Madappa, Krishnappa Junjegowda, Raghavendra Prasad Narayanaswamy Bachu

Treatment Outcome Among the Retreatment Tuberculosis (TB) Patients under RNTCP in Chandigarh, India 53-56

Sandeep Singh Sarpal, Naveen Krishan Goel, Dinesh Kumar, A.K. Janmeja

Role of Gender and Serum Immunoglobulin E (IGE) levels on Severity of Migraine 57-58

David Rosario, George Pinto

To Study the Level of Awareness About Complications of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media(CSOM)in CSOM Patients 59-61

Chandrashekharayya S.H., Kavitha M.M., Prakash Handi, Prabhu Khavasi, S.S. Doddmani, Mohmed Riyas

Cardiovascular Disease and Menopause 62-64

Rupal Dosi, Nikita Bhatt, Priyanki Shah, Rushad Patell

Disparities in the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MS) and its Components Among University Employees by Age, Gender and Occupation 65-69

Maureen Jepkorir Cheserek, Gui-Rong Wu, Li-Ye Shen, Yong-Hui Shi, Guo-Wei Le

A Study of Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome (APS) in Patients with Type1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) Followed Up at a Teritiary Care Hospital 70-72

Shaheen Banu Shaikh, Ismail M. Haji, Parveen Doddamani, Rahman M.

A Hospital Based Study on Estimation of Adenosine Deaminase Activity in Cerebrospinal Fluid in Various Types of Meningitis 73-76

Ashok Kumar Agarwal, Sonia Bansal, Vidya Nand

A Study of Clinical Characteristics of Mediastinal Mass 77-80

Akshatha Rao Aroor, RAMA Prakasha. S, Shubha Seshadri, Teerthanath.S, Uppoor Raghuraj

Hospital Acquired Infections Among Patients Admitted in the Medical and Surgical Wards of a Non-Teaching Secondary Care Hospital in Northern India 81-83

I. Ginawi, Mohd Saleem, Mastan Sigh, A.K. Vaish, I. Ahmad, V.K. Srivastava, A. Fahad Abdullah M.

Ultrasound Guided Direct Percutaneous Nephrostomy (PCN) Tube Placement: Stepwise Report of a New Technique with Its Safety and Efficacy Evaluation 84-87

Bijit Lodh, Sandeep Gupta, Akoijam Kaku Singh, Rajendra Singh Sinam

A Comparative Study between Modified Bassini’s Repair and Lichtenstein Mesh Repair (LMR) of Inguinal Hernias in Rural Population 88-91

Naveen N., Srinath R.

Pain Management after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy-A Randomized Prospective Trial of Low Pressure and Standard Pressure Pneumoperitoneum 92-94

Sanjeev Singla, Geeta Mittal, Raghav, Rajinder K Mittal

Pan Endoscopic Approach “Hysterolaparoscopy” as an Initial Procedure in Selected Infertile Women 95-98

Keya Vaid, Sheila Mehra, Mita Verma, Sandhya Jain, Abha Sharma, Sruti Bhaskaran

Pregnancy Outcome in Women with Previous One Cesarean Section 99-102

Lekshmi Balachandran, Pooja R Vaswani, Ramakone Mogotlane

Type of Conception and Outcomes in Women with Singleton Pregnancy 103-105

Manjula Pochiraju, Praveen Kumar Nirmalan

Epidemiology of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study 106-109

Ashraf Direkvand-Moghadam, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Ali Delpisheh, Sattar Kaikhavandi

Nested Multiplex (NMPCR) Detection of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and 18 in Pre-invasive Lesions and its Implication in Screening of Carcinoma Cervix (CaCx) 110-113

Pradyot Prakash, Shivesh Singh, Charul Dhakad, Sulekha Pandey, Mohan Kumar, Laxmi Kant Pandey, Amrita Ghosh Kar, Gopal Nath, Anil Kumar Gulati

Comparison of Intrathecal Dexmedetomidine with Buprenorphine as Adjuvant to Bupivacaine in Spinal Asnaesthesia 114-117

Mahima Gupta, S. Shailaja, K. Sudhir Hegde

Assessment of Nutritional Risk and Its Associated Factors among Elderly Women of Old Age Homes of South Suburban Kolkata, West Bengal, India 118-120

Santanu Saha, Ayan Basu, Santanu Ghosh, Arghya Kusum Saha, Upasana Banerjee

Management of Unstable Thoracolumbar Spinal Fractures by Pedicle Screws and Rods Fixation 121-123

MURALIDHAR BM, DURGAPRASAD HEGDE, PSB HUSSAIN

Psychomotor Retardation, Attention Deficit and Executive Dysfunctional in Young Non-hospitalised Un-medicated Non-psychotic Unipolar Depression Patients 124-126

Kamini Ramdas Ilamkar

Acute Transfusion Reactions in Intensive Care Unit: A Retrospective Study 127-129

Rajesh Kumar, Manvi Gupta, Varun Gupta, Amarjit Kaur, Sonia Gupta

Right Double Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) with Preaortic Iliac Confluence – Case Report and Review of Literature 130-132

C.S.Ramesh Babu, Rekha Lalwani, Indra Kumar

Origin of Medial and Lateral Pectoral Nerves from the Supraclavicular Part of Brachial Plexus and its Clinical Importance – A Case Report 133-134

Prakashchandra Shetty, Satheesha B Nayak, Naveen Kumar, Rajesh Thangarajan, Melanie Rose D’Souza

Bilateral Absence of Flexor Digitorum Superficialis (FDS) Tendon of the Little Finger: Clinical Significance 135-136

Amrita Gupta, Virendra Kumar

A Rare Case of Primary Supraclavicular Lymphadenitis due to Cryptococcus Neoformans in an HIV Infected Patient 137-138

Anuradha Sood, Lata R Chandel, Smriti Chauhan, Kamlesh Thakur, S.C. Jaryal

Isolation of Aeromonas salmonicida from Human Blood Sample: A Case Report 139-140

Rachna Tewari, Mridu Dudeja, Shyamasree Nandy, Ayan Kumar Das

Coexistence of Cutaneous Tuberculosis (Scrofuloderma) and Hanseniasis-A Rare Presentation 141-142

Chandan Kumar Das, Ashoka Mahapatra, Manasi Manaswini Das, Debasish Sahoo, Nirupama Chayani

A Heart with Multiple Coronaries Anomalies: Myocardial Bridging, Left Dominance and High Takeoff of Ostia-An Autopsy Case 143-144

Lokesh Haswani, Harendra Kumar M.L., J. Kiran

Prominent Intracytoplasmic Crystals in Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma (ASPS): An Aid in Cytological Diagnosis 145-146

Rahul Mannan, Tejinder Singh Bhasin, Parampreet Kaur, Mridu Manjari, Karamjit Singh Gill

Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Cervix: A Rare Entity 147-148

Pavithra V., C.N. Sai Shalini, Shanmuga Priya, Usha Rani, S. Rajendiran., Leena Dennis Joseph

Sinonasal Carcinoma – A Report of Two Cases 149-150

Kalyani R., Aparna Narshimhan, Shiva Prakash

Primary Cavernous Haemangioma of the Thyroid - A Case Report 151-152

Anuja Dasgupta, S Teerthanath, Meera Jayakumar, Kiran HS , Mary Raju

Encysted Spermatic Cord Hydrocele in a 60-year-old, Mimicking Incarcerated Inguinal Hernia: A Case Report 153-154

Manimaran D, Karthikeyan T M, Dost Mohamed Khan

Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Stomach-A Case Report 155-156

Poorana Priya P., Hemalatha Ganapathy, Subhashree A.R.

Primary Midgut Carcinoid, a Rare Cause of Paraneoplastic Limbic Encephalitis: A Case Report 157-158

Gautham Krishnamurthy, K. Chandramouleeswari, Jagadeesh Chandra Bose, Rajendran

Scalp Metastasis of Gastro-Esophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: A Rare Occurrence 159-160

Asitava Deb Roy, Mingma Sherpa rpa, P.R.K. Prasad , Rachna Lam ichanet

Juvenile Hyaline Fibromatosis (JHF): A Rare Case with Recurrence 161-162

Rashmi M.V., Geetha J.P., Srinivas Ar ava, Niranjana Murthy B., Kodandaswamy C.R.

Sirenomelia with Oesophageal Atresia: A Rare Association 163-164

Pragati Aditya Sathe, Ratnaprabha Kundlikrao Ghodke, Bhuvaneshwari Mahendra Kandalkar

Paratesticular Liposarcoma-Masquerading as a Testicular Tumour 165-166

Kalaivani Vinayagam, Vijayakumar Hosamath, Sridhar Honnapp a, Aarathi Ranga Rau

Giant Epidermoid Cyst of External Ear – A Rare Case Report 167-168

g.Siva Prasad Reddy, N.V.S.Sekhar Reddy, G.V. Reddy, Sriharsha K.

Post-traumatic Headache: An Uncommon but Treatable Entity 169-170

Devendra Mishra, Satnam Kaur

Tracheal Agenesis with Tracheo-oesophageal Fistula 171-172

Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Vijay K Patel, Dipen Vasudev Patel3, Ank ur Rajinder Sethi

Abdominal Cocoon: An Unusual Presentation of Small Bowel Obstruction 173-174

R.G. Naniwadekar, S.R. Kulkarn i, P. Bane, S. Ag arwal, A. Garje

Splenic Epidermoid Cyst - A Rare Entity 175-176

Amrit Pal Singh Rana, Manjit Kaur, Parvinder Singh, Satish Malhotra, Amarjit Singh Kuka

Metastatic Primary Signet Ring Cell Carcinoma of Rectum: A Case Report of 10-Year-old Male Child 177-178

Kumkum Singh, Amit Singh, Shyam Bhutra, Geeta Pachori, Mahesh Kumar Jangir

Self Mutilation of Genitalia-Using Teeth 179-180

UgurLoK, Umut Gulacti, Can Benlioglu , Hasan Buyukaslan, Nurettin Aktas

A Rare Case of A2+ve Blood Group in an Obstetric Emergency 181-182

Padmasri R., Urvashi Bhatara, Rupa S. Iyengar

Bilateral Pathological Subluxation of Hips Secondary to Tuberculosis in an Adult: A Rare Presentation 183-184

Atmananda Hegde, Rajan Babu, Abhishek Shetty

Synchronous Multicentric Giant Cell Tumour (GCT)-A Rare Case Report 185-186

Anshu Shekhar, Gururaj Murgod, Suresh Korlhalli

Doppler Sonography and 3D CT Angiography of Acquired Uterine Arteriovenous Malformations (AVMs): Report of Two Cases 187-189

Senthil Kumar Aiyappan, Upasana Ranga, Saveetha Veeraiyan

Etiopathogebesis and Neurobiology of Narcolepsy: A Review 190-195

Swarup Kumar, Haritha Sagili

Effect of Obesity and Lifestyle on the Oral Health of Pre Adolescent Children 196-198

Nithya Anand , m.Suresh, S.C.Chandra Sekara N

Choosing Public Health Dentistry as a Career: A Cross-Sectional Study 199-202

Guntipalli M. Naidu, Ghanasyam Prasad M., Chaitanya Ram Kandregula, Suresh Babb uri, Pratap KVNR

Assessment of Position and Bilateral Symmetry of Occurrence of Mental Foramen in Dentate Asian Population 203-205

Sneha Ketan Gada, Suhasini J. Nagda

Quantitative Assessment of Apical Debris Extrusion and Intracanal Debris in the Apical Third, Using Hand Instrumentation and Three Rotary Instrumentation Systems 206-210

Sowmya H.K., Subhash T.S., Beena Rani Goel, Nandini T.N., Shilpa H. Bhandi

Cyclic Fatigue Testing of Three Different Rotary Nickel Titanium Endodontic Instruments in Simulated Curved Canals - An in Vitro Sem Analysis 211-213

Pallavi Reddy .Y, Kavita S, C.V. SubbaRao

Effect of Vital Bleaching on Disintegration Tendency of Glass Ionomer Restorations 214-217

Kusai Baroudi, Rasha Said Mahmoud , Bassel Tarakji , Mohammed Alsakran Altamimi

Efficacy of Low-Level Laser Therapy in Treatment of Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers – A Sham Controlled, Split Mouth Follow Up Study 218-221

Hersheal Aggarwal, Mohit Pal Singh, Prashant Nahar, Hemant Mathur, Sowmya GV

Transepithelial Brush Biopsy – Oral CDx® – A Noninvasive Method for the Early Detection of Precancerous and Cancerous Lesions 222-226

Casparis S., Borm J.M., Tomic M.A., Burkhardt A., Locher M.C.

Effectiveness of Mini Implants in Three-Dimensional Control during Retraction - A Clinical Study 227-232

Deepak Victor, Ramchandra Prabhakar, M.K. Karthikeyan, R. Saravanan, P. Vanathi, N. Raj Vikram, P. Adarsh Redd y, M. Sudeepthi

Evaluation of Salivary Flow Rate, pH and Buffer in Pre, Post & Post Menopausal Women on HRT 233-236

Mahesh D.R., Komali G., Jayanthi K., Dinesh D., Saikavitha T.V., Preeti Dinesh

Alveolar Bone Expansion for Implant Placement in Compromised Aesthetic Zone – Case Series 237-238

Jumshad B. Mohamed, Md Nazish Alam, Gurudeep Singh, S. C. Chandrasekaran

Management of Large Radicular Cyst by Conservative Surgical Approach: A Case Report 239-241

Nilesh S. Kadam, Ida de Noronha de Ataide, Phani Raghava, Marina Fernandes, Ruby Hede

Biological Dentin Post for Intra Radicular Rehabilitation of A Fractured Anterior Tooth 242-243

CH. Swarupa, Girija S Sajjan, Vijaya Lakshmi Bhupahupathiraju, Anupreeta Anwarullah , Sashikanth Y.V.

A Novel Technique in Restoring Fractured Anterior Teeth 244-245

Rajavard han K., A.J. Sai Sankar, Tanveer Ahmed Shaik, Naveen Kumar V., Raj Kumar K.

Residual Cyst Associated with Calcifications in an Elderly Patient 246-249

K. Sridevi, S. Ratheesh Kumar Nandan, P. Ratnakar, K. Srikrishna, B. Vamsi Pavani

Pediatric Odontogenic Tumor of the Jaw – A Case Report 250-252

Keerthi Muddana, Ajay prakash Pasupula, Shyam Prasad Reddy Dorankula, Madhusudan Rao Thokala, Jaya Nagendra Krishna Muppalla

Re-treatment of a Two-rooted Maxillary Central Incisor - A Case Report 253-255

Roopadevi Garlapati, Bhuvan Shome Venigalla, Rammohan Chintamani, Jayaprakash Thumu

Solitary Nodular Lesion of Tongue- A Rare Entity 256-258

P. sarada, CH. Sampath Reddy, Patil A.K, Saritha Kurra

Evidence Based Dental Care:Integrating Clinical Expertise With Systematic Research 259-262

Mallika Kishore, Sunil R Panat, Ashish Aggarwal, Nupur Agarwal, Nitin Up adhyay, Abhijeet Alok

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy – Can It Be the New Era in Dentistry? 263-265

Divya Devaraj, d Srisakthi

Histogenetic Concepts, Terminology and Categorization of Biphasic Tumours of the Oral and Maxillofacial Region 266-270

Arvind Babu R.S., Ramana Reddy B.V., Anuradha C.H.

Health Hazards of Xylene: A Literature Review 271-274

Sharada.T.Rajan, N.Malathi

Autism Disorder (AD): An Updated Review for Paediatric Dentists 275-279

Udhya J., Varadharaja M.m, Parthiban J., Ila Srinivasan

Doctor and Healing Touch 280-

Parul Kodan, Amit Hooda, Pallavi Kodan

Toxic Thyroid Adenoma in McCune-Albright Syndrome 281-282

Sahana Shetty, Ron Thomas Varghese, Nylla Shanthly , Thomas V. Paul

Quackery: A Major Loophole in Dental Practice in India 283-

Manoj Kumar Hans, Rinki Hans , Ajay Nagpal

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.