Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Bhanu K Bhakhri

"The Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) has been in operation since almost a decade. It has contributed a huge number of peer reviewed articles, across a spectrum of medical disciplines, to the medical literature.
Its wide based indexing and open access publications attracts many authors as well as readers
For authors, the manuscripts can be uploaded online through an easily navigable portal, on other hand, reviewers appreciate the systematic handling of all manuscripts. The way JCDR has emerged as an effective medium for publishing wide array of observations in Indian context, I wish the editorial team success in their endeavour"



Dr Bhanu K Bhakhri
Faculty, Pediatric Medicine
Super Speciality Paediatric Hospital and Post Graduate Teaching Institute, Noida
On Sep 2018




Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"



Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dematolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018




Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."



Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018




Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."



Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018




Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."



Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
Lucknow
On Sep 2018




Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."



Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata




Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
Muzaffarnagar.
On Aug 2018




Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".



Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
Bengaluru.
On Aug 2018




Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".



Dr. Mamta Gupta
Consultant
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018




Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.


Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."



Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
E-mail: drrajendrak1@rediffmail.com
On May 11,2011




Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."



Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
E-mail: ravi.dr.shankar@gmail.com
On April 2011

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2013 | Month : June | Volume : 7 | Issue : 6
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (75)

A Study on the Nutrient Foramina of Adult Humerii 975-977

Shanta Chandrasekaran, K.C. Shanthi

Lipid Peroxidation and the Total Antioxidant Status in the Pathogenesis of Age Related and Diabetic Cataracts: A Study on the Lens and Blood 978-981

Ashok V. Katta, R.V. Katkam, H. Geetha

The Efficacy of Nardostachys Jatamansi Against The Radiation Induced Haematological Damage in Rats 982-986

Damodara K M Gowda, Lathika Shetty, Krishna A P, Suchetha N Kumari, Ganesh Sanjeev, Naveen P

The Role of the Endogenous Antioxidant Enzymes and Malondialdehyde in Essential Hypertension 987-990

Aquil Ahmad, Usha Singhal, Mohd Mobark Hossain, Najmul islam, Imran Rizvi

The Total Antioxidant Power of Semen and Its Correlation with the Fertility Potential of Human Male Subjects 991-995

Pranjali Prabhakarrao Pahune, Ajay Rajeshwar Choudhari, Parikshit Ashok Muley

The Isometric Handgrip Exercise As a Test for Unmasking Hypertension in the Offsprings of Hypertensive Parents 996-999

Rinku Garg, Varun Malhotra, Usha Dhar, Yogesh Tripathi

Variations in the Peak Expiratory Flow Rate with Various Factors in a Population of Healthy Women of the Malwa Region of Punjab, India 1000-1003

Harpreet Kaur, Jagseer Singh, Manisha Makkar, Khushdeep Singh, Ruchika Garg

Simultaneous Determination of Levodopa and Carbidopa from Fava Bean, Green Peas and Green Beans by High Performance Liquid Gas Chromatography 1004-1007

Mohseni Mehran S.M., Golshani B.

Profile of The Chikungunya Infection: A Neglected Vector Borne Disease which is Prevalent In The Rajkot District 1008-1011

Chundawat Bhagwati, Madhulika. M, Krunal D Mehta, Goswami Y.S

PCR as a Diagnostic Tool for Extra-Pulmonary Tuberculosis 1012-1015

Ganavalli S. Ajantha, Praveen C. Shetty, Raghavendra D. Kulkarni, Umesh Biradar

Intestinal Cryptosporidiosis and the Profile of the CD4 Counts in a Cohort of HIV Infected Patients 1016-1020

Rashmi K.S., Ravi kumar K.L.

The Microbial Colonization Profile of Respiratory Devices and the Significance of the Role of Disinfection: A Blinded Study 1021-1026

Savita Jadhav, Tushar Sahasrabudhe, Vipul Kalley, Nageswari Gandham

The Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns of Uropathogenic Escherichia Coli, With Special Reference to the Fluoroquinolones 1027-1030

Abdul Rahaman Shariff V A, Suchitra Shenoy M, Taruna Yadav, Radhakrishna M

Evaluation of the Virulence Markers in the Clinical Isolates of Citrobacter Species: The First Report from India 1031-1034

Ritu Nayar, Indu Shukla, S Manazir Ali

The Cytological Grading of Malignant Neoplasms of The Breast and Its Correlation With The Histological Grading 1035-1039

Vidya Vasudev, Rangaswamy R., Geethamani V.

Polypoidal Lesions in the Nasal Cavity 1040-1042

Kalpana Kumari M.K., Mahadeva. K.C.

The Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Blood Donation Among Voluntary Blood Donors in Chennai, India 1043-1046

Uma S., Arun R., Arumugam P.

The Diagnostic Utility of Intraoperative Cytology in the Management of Ovarian Tumours 1047-1050

Ananthalakshmi Vijayakumar

Reproducibility of‘The Bethesda System for reporting Thyroid Cytopathology’:A MultiCenter Study with Review of the Literature 1051-1054

Tejinder Singh Bhasin, Rahul Mannan, Mridu Manjari, Monica Mehra, Amarinder K. Gill Sekhon, Manish Chandey, Sonam Sharma, Parampreet Kaur

Role of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Head and Neck Lesions of Paediatric Age Group 1055-1058

Purnima Mittra,Rajni Bharti,Manmohan Krishna Pandey

A Study of the Outbreak of Chikungunya Fever 1059-1062

Supriya Satish Patil, Satish R. Patil, P.M. Durgawale, A.G. Patil

The Central Corneal Thickness in Normal Tension Glaucoma, Primary Open Angle Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension 1063-1067

Anupama C. Shetgar, Mariyappa B. Mulimani

Liver Function Profile Anomalies in HIV Seropositive Tuberculosis 1068-1072

Subir Kumar Dey, Indranath Ghosh, Debojyoti Bhattacharjee, Praveen A., Sumanta Jha, Anindya Dasgupta, Sukanta Kumar Dey

A Critical Evaluation and Comparison of Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Elective Surgeries Across three Hospitals 1073-1077

Yogesh Belagali, Alwar MC,Poornachandra Thejeswi,Ullal Sheetal D Vani Bhagwath,Ashok Shenoy K,Mukta Chowta,Dr.Sahana D Acharya

The Effect of Vitamin C on the Erythrocyte Antioxidant Enzymes in Intoxicated-Lead Rat Offsprings 1078-1081

Samira Eshginia, Abdoljalal Marjani

The Carotid Intima Media Thickness: A Predictor of the Clincal Coronary Events 1082-1085

Jinzy Mariam George, Raghavendra Bhat, K. Mohan Pai, Arun S., Jayakumar Jeganathan

The Effect of Counselling on the Academic Performance of College Students 1086-1088

Renuka Devi M.R., P.R. Devaki, Madhanika Madhavan, P. Saikumar

The Learning Styles and the Preferred Teaching–Learning Strategies of First Year Medical Students 1089-1092

Poonam Kharb, Prajna Paramita Samanta, Manisha Jindal, Vishram Singh

Lecture Classes in Human Anatomy: The Students’ Perceptions 1093-1098

Maitreyee Kar, Hironmoy Roy, Anasuya Ghosh, Arunabha Tapadar Subhramoy Chowdhury, Pranab Mukherjee, Tapan Kumar Jana

Role of TSH on Urinary Calcium Excretion in Post Menopausal Women of South Indian Population 1099-1101

Niranjan G, Amrutha P V, Srinivasan A R, Ramesh R, Sathishbabu M, Sathiya R

Deficiencies of the Microelements, Folate and Vitamin B12 in Women of the Child Bearing Ages in Gorgan, Northern Iran 1102-1104

Maliheh Sedehi, Naser Behnampour, Mohammad Jafar Golalipour

Computer and Internet Utilization among the Medical Students in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 1105-1108

Yousef HOmood Aldebasi, Mohamed Issa Ahmed

Peripheral Blood T-Cell Populations in COPD, Asymptomatic Smokers and Healthy Non-Smokers in Indian subpopulation- A Pilot Study 1109-1113

Rashmi Teresa Mathai K., Smitha Bhat

The Effect of a Primary Postpartum Haemorrhage (PPH) on the “Near-Miss” Morbidity and Mortality at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Rural Bangalore, India: A Four Year Analysis 1114-1119

Umashankar K.M., Dharma Vijaya M.N., Sudha R., Kavitha G., Laxmi

A Comparative Analysis on the Efficacy and Safety of Intaxel® and Taxol® in Advanced Metastatic Breast Cancer 1120-1124

Istvan Lang, Gabor Rubovszky, Zsolt Horvath, Erna Ganofszky, Eszter SzabO, Magdolna Dank, Katalin Boer, Erika Hitre

Primary Nailing in the Open Fractures of the Tibia-Is it worth? 1125-1130

Atul Agrawal, Vijendra Devisingh Chauhan, Rajesh K. Maheshwari, Anil Kumar Juyal

Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring of Antidepressants in the Psychiatry Outpatients Department of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital 1131-1134

Swati Mishra, Trupti Rekha Swain, Manjushree Mohanty

Evaluation of Anti-Secretory and Anti- Ulcerogenic Activities of Avipattikar Churna on The Peptic Ulcers in Experimental Rats 1135-1139

Sudesh Gyawali, Gulam Muhammad Khan, Shreekrishna Lamichane, Jaya Gautam, Saurav Ghimire, Rashmi Adhikari, Reshma Lamsal

Bowel Block in Pancreatitis 1140-1142

Biggs Saravanan Ramachandran,Mohammed Ali,Sivakumar Palaniswamy,Thangadurai Chinnaswamy

Septic Arthritis caused by Group A Streptococcus in Newborn: An Unusual Presentation 1143-1144

Sivaraman Umadevi, Arunava Kali, Srirangaraj Sreenivasan, S. Pramodhini, M.V. Pravin Charles

Rhino-Orbital Mucormycosis in Diabetes Mellitus 1145-1147

Ravindra V. Shinde, Geeta S.Karande, S.T. Mohite, S.R. Patil

Primary Melanoma of the Spinal Cord: A Case Report 1148-1149

Ruchi Sinha, Tauseef Husain Rizvi, Shrijeet Chakraborti, Chandra Kumar Ballal, Anup Kumar

Invasive (solid) Papillary Carcinoma of the Breast: A Report of Two Cases 1150-1151

Leena J.B., Reshma G. Kini, Safeena Amber

A Huge Primary Ovarian Leiomyoma With Degenerative Changes-An Unusual Presentation 1152-1154

Ranjan Agrawal, Mukta Kumar, Lata Agrawal, Keshav Kumar Agrawal

Giant Sporadic Low Grade Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath (MPNST) of Left Thigh 1155-1158

Dhiraj B. Nikumbh, K.H. Suryawanshi, N.V. Dravid, T.B. Patil, C.M. Rokade

An Extracranial Invasive Meningioma Mimicking Malignant Bone Tumor – “Carpet Meningioma” 1159-1162

Sahil I. Panjvani, Minesh B. Gandhi, Ankur N. Sarvaiya, Bhawana R. Chaudhari, Garima S. Gupta

A Case Report on the Bardet Biedl Syndrome with Hypokalaemic Paralysis 1163-1164

Prasanth Y.M., Mohammed Ashraf, Venkatesh B.M., Sharol Menezes, Abraham Mohan

Myoepithelioma of the Parotid Gland Presenting as a Retroauricular Cutaneous Nodule: A Case Report 1165-1168

Yumi Mochizuki, Ken Omura, Kae Tanaka, Kei Sakamoto, Akira Yamaguchi

An Interesting Case of Hypertriglyceridaemic Pancreatitis 1169-1171

Anupama Pujar K., Anil kumar V. R., Sridhar M., Kulkarni S. V.

Desmoplastic Melanoma: A Diagnostic Dilemma 1172-1173

Ashwin Alva K, Rajeshwara K V, Udaykumar

Dilated Cardiomyopathy: An Anaesthetic Challenge 1174-1176

Haramritpal Kaur, Ranjana Khetarpal, Shobha Aggarwal

An Extra-adrenal Pheochromocytoma Presenting as Malignant Hypertension-A Report of two Cases 1177-1179

Mahesh Kumar U, Pankaj Pande, Savita SS, Ashwin PK, Balasaheb Ramling Yelikar

A Case of Ankylosing Spondylitis and Discussion of the Literature 1180-1182

M.P. Ranjith, R. Divya

Stroke in the Postpartum Period: A Case Study 1183-1185

Allison SJ, Basit A, Omer Mohd Hussein, Ahmed RA

Tuberculous Salpingitis: A Case Report 1186-1188

Annie Rajaratnam, Prema D’Cunha, Zevita Furtado, Hilda Fernandes

A Rare Case of Cervical Tuberculosis which Simulated Carcinoma of the Cervix 1189-1190

Saichandran Sabita, Vijayan Sharmila, Thirunavukkarasu Arun babu, Sankappa P Sinhasan, Singh Darendra

Myoepithelial Carcinoma of the Breast 1191-1193

Santhosh R, Kemba Padu, Bipin Singh Th, M Birkumar Sharma, Th. Sudhir Chandra Singh

Internal Jugular Phlebectasia: Diagnosis by Ultrasonography, Doppler and Contrast CT 1194-1196

Manash Kumar Bora

MRI Sequence and Characteristic Features in ‘Giant Cell Tumor’ of Clivus 1197-1200

Dhananjaya K.V.N., Muralidhar Pai, Ajit Mahale, Kausalya Kumari Sahu

Spontaneous Biliary Perforations: An Uncommon yet Important Entity in Children 1201-1206

Prabudh Goel, Vishesh Jain, Vivek Manchanda, Mamta Sengar, Chhabi Ranu Gupta, Anup Mohta

The Beta Lactam Antibiotics as an Empirical Therapy in a Developing Country: An Update on Their Current Status and Recommendations to Counter the Resistance against Them 1207-1214

Bhaskar Thakuria, Kingshuk Lahon

Estimation of the Serum and the Salivary Trace Elements in OSMF Patients 1215-1218

Manasi Ankolekar Kode,Freny Rashmiraj Karjodkar

A Non-Invasive Technique which Demonstrates the Iron in the Buccal Mucosa of Sickle Cell Anaemia and Thalassaemia Patients who Undergo Repeated Blood Transfusions 1219-1222

Harika Chittamsetty, M.S. Muni Sekhar, Syed Afroz Ahmed, Charu Suri, Sridevi Palla, S. Muni Venkatesh, Shahela Tanveer

Comparison of the Salivary and the Serum Nitric Oxide Levels in Chronic and Aggressive Periodontitis: A Biochemical Study 1223-1227

N. Mani Sundar, V. Krishnan, Md Nazish Alam, V.T. Hemalatha, S. Krishnaraj

Pulp Stone, Haemodialysis, End-stage Renal Disease, Carotid Atherosclerosis 1228-1231

Santosh Patil, Nidhi Sinha

An Adenomatoid Odontogenic Cyst (AOC) with an Assorted Histoarchitecture: A Unique Entity 1232-1235

Saritha Kurra, Sumanth Gunupati, Priyanka R. Prasad, Suryanarayana Raju. Y, B. V. Ramesh Reddy

An Ocular Prosthesis For A Geriatric Patient: A Case Report 1236-1238

Vikas B. Kamble, Mukesh Kumar, Debashis Panigrahi

The Morphometrical and Histopathological Changes which were Observed after Topical Ozone Therapy on an Exophytic Fibrous Gingival Lesion: A Case Report 1239-1243

Punit Vaibhav Patel, Sheela Kumar Gujjari

Pyogenic Granuloma on the Upper Labial Mucosa: A Case Report 1244-1246

Kamala K A, L. Ashok, Sujatha G P

Management of an Endodontic Infection with an Extra Oral Sinus Tract in a Single Visit: A Case Report 1247-1249

Krishnamurthy Satish Kumar, Arunajatesan Subbiya, Paramasivam Vivekanandhan, Venkatachalam Prakash, Ramachandran Tamilselvi

Dental Caries Vaccine – A Possible Option? 1250-1253

Shanmugam KT, Masthan Kmk, Balachander N, Sudha Jimson, Sarangarajan R

Photodynamic Therapy: The Imminent Milieu For Treating Oral Lesions 1254-1257

Neeta Mohanty, MD Jalaluddin, Sreekanth Kotina, Samapika Routray, Yashwant Ingale

The Pain Management in Orthodontics 1258-1260

Nandita Shenoy, Siddarth Shetty, Junaid Ahmed, Ashok Shenoy K.

Gene Therapy in Oral Cancer: A Review 1261-1263

M. Sathish Kumar, K.M.K. Masthan, N. Aravindha Babu, Kailash Chandra Dash

A Triad of Developmental Anomalies-An Unusual Case 1264-1265

Rohit Sharma, Praful Narang, Y G Reddy, Amit Kumar Sharma

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.