Effectiveness of Foot Exercise and Epsom Salt Water on Reduction of Foot Oedema among Antenatal MothersCorrespondence Address :
Khevna Rameshbhai Macwan,
Shivam Society, B/H S.S. Hospital, Petlad, Anand, Gujarat, India.
Introduction: Pregnancy is a very special time for both woman and her partner. Physiological lower leg oedema is one of the cutaneous manifestations of pregnancy. The weight increase during pregnancy and effect of gravity, slows down the blood circulation in lower limbs, thus leading to accumulation of fluids in that region. It is envisioned that about 75% of women suffer from this excessive accumulation of fluid around the legs and ankles during pregnancy.
Aim: To evaluate the effect of foot exercise and Epsom salt water on reduction of foot oedema among the antenatal mothers at selected hospitals of Kheda district.
Materials and Methods: This was a Quasi experimental study, conducted from January 17, 2020 to March 18, 2020 at Dr ND Desai Hospital and Medical College, Nadiad, Gujarat, on 40 antenatal mothers having foot oedema, from selected hospitals of Kheda district by purposive non probability sampling techniques. The total sample of 40 mothers was randomly allocated to group 1 (n=20 of foot exercise) and group 2 (n=20 of Epsom salt water). Foot oedema level assessment was done using tools of data collection for both groups which included the performa of demographic variables and Modified Standardised Erin oedema scale.
Results: Amongst the total study subjects, 11 (55%) of those in group 2 were from 18-24 years of age. Oedema score analysis preinterventionally, showed moderate score in 18 (90%) of subjects in group 1 and 9 (45%) subjects in group 2. Severe score presented by 2 (10%) subjects in group 1 and 11 (55%) subjects in group 2. Postinterventionally, none of the subjects in group 1 and group 2 showed moderate and severe oedema. All gave the score of 0, trace or mild oedema. There was statistically significant difference found in level of foot oedema in group 1 and group 2 with mean difference of group 1 as 2.2 and Standard Deviation (SD) 0.51 and for group 2 mean difference was 2.95 and SD 0.68. The calculated value of Mann-Whitney test was group 1 (3) and group 2 (1.49). Among them the level of foot oedema reduced to 55% in group 1 (foot exercise) whereas in group 2 (Epsom salt water) it reduced to 73.75%.
Conclusion: Epsom salt water is more effective then foot exercise on reduction of foot oedema among the antenatal mothers.
Foot rub down, Physiological leg oedema, Pregnancy, Socio-demographic
Date of Submission: Nov 23, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Feb 03, 2021
Date of Acceptance: Mar 25, 2021
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2021
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Nov 26, 2020
• Manual Googling: Jan 23, 2021
• iThenticate Software: Mar 03, 2021 (15%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
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- Popline (reproductive health literature)