Knowledge and Self-Perceived Confidence Level in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery among Dental Interns in RiyadhCorrespondence Address :
Riyadh Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Introduction: Minor oral surgical procedures are practiced in dental teaching. Interns are required to be competent, wellprepared and acknowledge its basics before their practice. Lack of training and knowledge could lead to serious consequences during clinical practice.
Aim: To assess the knowledge and confidence level between male and female dental interns in private and governmental Riyadh dental schools in performing simple dento-alveolar procedures.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted at Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in January 2020 among dental interns from all Riyadh dental schools. A cross-sectional survey containing 23 items was used. The first part included the informed consent and demographic data (item 1-3). The second part consisted of 10 case scenarios to assess the knowledge level (item 4-13), and the third part was developed to self-rate their confidence level (item 14-23). Around 300 participants belonging to five Riyadh dental schools comprised the study population. All interns were included in the study after obtaining informed consent. All statistical analyses were performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0 and Microsoft Excel 16.16. Groups were compared using Pearson chi-square and unpaired sample t-test. The p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Out of 300 interns invited to participate, 210 submitted the electronic survey (70%). The final study population included 117 (56%) females and 93 (44%) males. A total of 111 (53%) belonged to governmental college, and 99 (47%) belonged to private college. There was no statistically significant difference between females and males in total knowledge (p<0.272) and confidence score (p<0.850), respectively. However, a statistically significant difference in knowledge and confidence between government and private colleges was found (p<0.001). A weakly positive significant correlation (r=0.217, p=0.002) was found between the total score of knowledge and the total score of confidence in performing surgical procedures.
Conclusion: The study provides baseline data on the knowledge and perceived confidence of dental interns in Saudi Arabia about certain clinical procedures in oral surgery, where respondents were most knowledgeable in prescribing an appropriate medication. They were confident in giving effective local anaesthesia. All in all, interns had a superficial knowledge about the classification of impacted teeth and they were least confident in managing cases of an intraoral abscess.
Clinical competence, Dental education, Minor surgical procedures, Questionnaires, Self-confidence
Date of Submission: Nov 08, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Jan 14, 2021
Date of Acceptance: Mar 10, 2021
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2021
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Nov 09, 2020
• Manual Googling: Mar 08, 2021
• iThenticate Software: Mar 23, 2021 (8%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)