Maternal Near Miss Events in Tertiary Care Hospital: A Retrospective Observational StudyCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Sonali J Ingole,
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SKN Medical College, Sinhgad Road, Narhe, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Introduction: Over the years, continuous efforts have been made for improving reproductive health status of women. In India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has set Maternal Near Miss (MNM) review operational guidelines.
Aim: Analysis of the incidence and causes of MNM cases in tertiary care hospital.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective observational study was undertaken at a tertiary care hospital from January 2010 to September 2018. MNM cases were identified according to the criteria given by MoHFW, MNM review operational guidelines. Following parameters (variables) were noted viz., age, parity, obstetric haemorrhage, severe anaemia, sepsis, therapeutic interventions, etc., and analysed. Quantitative data was analysed by calculating means, ratios and proportions, using SPSS software (Version 21.0).
Results: There were total 36,366 deliveries during the study period. A total of 315 Maternal Near Miss cases were noted. Hypertensive disorders n=133 (42.2%) in pregnancy was the leading cause of MNM events at the hospital. This was followed by obstetric haemorrhage n =97 (30.79 %), and severe anaemia constituting n=36 (11.42%), and Sepsis n=30 (9.52%). Mortality index was highest in the sepsis group n=5 (14.28%) followed by severe anaemia n=3 (7.69%).
Conclusion: Hypertensive disorders were most common cause of near miss cases followed by obstetric haemorrhage. Sepsis was commonest cause of maternal mortality. Early identification of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, obstetric haemorrhage, severe anaemia and sepsis; and prompt treatment of these causes may help in reducing near miss and maternal mortality.
Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, Maternal mortality, Sepsis
Date of Submission: Nov 27, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Jan 11, 2021
Date of Acceptance: Feb 24, 2021
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2021
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Nov 28, 2020
• Manual Googling: Feb 23, 2021
• iThenticate Software: Mar 24, 2021 (11%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)