Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) in Edentulous Patients: A Review and Proposed Classification (Dr. Bader’s Classification).Correspondence Address :
Dr. Bader K Alzarea,
Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, AljJouf University, Skaka, Aljouf, Kingdom Saudi Arabia.
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a collective term given to a number of clinical problems that involve the masticatory musculature, the temporomandibular joints and associated structures, or both. Although the aetiology of TMD has not been fully understood, in general it is considered to be multifactorial. The signs and symptoms of TMD which present in patients with natural teeth may also occur in edentulous patients. These symptoms may appear in various combinations and degrees. TMD has attained a prominent role within the context of dental care due to its high prevalence. The present paper is a review of the current literature on TMD in edentulous patients; with an attempt to propose a classification for the same.
Occlusion, Temporomandibular dysfunction, Temporomandibular joint
Bader K AlZarea. TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DISORDERS (TMD) IN EDENTULOUS PATIENTS: A REVIEW AND PROPOSED CLASSIFICATION
(DR. BADER’S CLASSIFICATION).. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2015 April [cited: 2019 Aug 24 ]; 9:ZE06-ZE09. Available from
Date of Submission: Feb 15, 2015
Date of Peer Review: Mar 11, 2015
Date of Acceptance: Mar 17, 2015
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2015
Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)