Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

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Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
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On Sep 2018

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Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
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On Aug 2018

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On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
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The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
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Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
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Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Important Notice

Original article / research
Year : 2011 | Month : April | Volume : 5 | Issue : 2 | Page : 344 - 346

Career Choice among Physiotherapy Students at Mangalore, India


Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya University, Deralakatte, Mangalore – 575 018, India. 2. Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Kasturba Medical College (Manipal University), Mangalore, India. 3. Physiotherapy Intern, Department of Physiotherapy, Kasturba Medical College (Manipal University), Mangalore, India 4. Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Kasturba Medical College (Manipal University), Mangalore, India 5 Selection Grade Lecturer in Biostatistics, Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College (Manipal University), Mangalore, India 6. Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College (Manipal University), Mangalore, India

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Animesh Jain, Associate Professor
Department of Community Medicine
Kasturba Medical College, (Manipal University)
Mangalore – 575 001, India,
Phone: +91 98450 32334,
Work phone: +91 824 2422271 ext 5560,
Fax: +91 824 2428183


Context: Understanding the factors which influence the career preferences is of importance to policy makers, health care educationist and other stake holders. So, it would be interesting to know what makes the students join Physiotherapy course and their future plans.
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to explore the career choices and the intentions of a cohort of undergraduate students of physiotherapy in Mangalore, India.
Methods: An anonymous, self-administered, questionnaire based survey was carried out among the consenting undergraduate students of physiotherapy.
Results and Conclusion: The final response rate was 98% (79/81). The mean age of the students was 22 years (SD 3, range 18-25years). Forty-five students (57%) were females and 34 students (43%) were males. The participants were more influenced in the career choices by their own passion for the allied health sciences, followed by being inspired by a family member. A majority of the students wanted to pursue further specialization in physiotherapy in the form of post-graduation studies. A majority of the students expressed great satisfaction with career choice and had less intention of changing their profession. A majority of the students opted to work in India rather than to migrate abroad after the completion of their studies (p= 0.0027). Future work in multi-specialty hospitals and private-practice was highly preferred by a majority of students as compared to academic career (p=0.011).


Education; career choice; physiotherapy; students; India.

How to cite this article :

RASHMI JAIN, RITESH G MENEZES, POOJA CHAWLA, P P JAGADISH RAO, M S KOTIAN, ANIMESH JAIN. CAREER CHOICE AMONG PHYSIOTHERAPY STUDENTS AT MANGALORE, INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2011 April [cited: 2019 Aug 21 ]; 5:344-346. Available from

Recently, there has been an increased interest in the factors which influence the career choices of medical (1),(2),(3),(4) and allied health science professionals (5), (6). Most studies have looked at the future aspirations and career intentions of medical students and postgraduates. Similar studies on physiotherapy students are scarce and a literature search in PubMed, IndMED and GoogleScholar could not retrieve any study on this issue among the physiotherapists from India. Presently, there are numerous career opportunities for all the health care professionals. Understanding the factors which influence these preferences is of importance to policy makers, health care educationists and other stake holders. In the recent past, a number of medical colleges have mushroomed in India. This has provided more opportunities for students to join the main stream medical profession than the allied health science professions. Physiotherapy is one of the major allied health science professions after nursing. In 1990, when the first college which exclusively offered the physiotherapy degree course was started in Mangalore, the coastal city had only one medical college. The number of colleges offering the physiotherapy degree course in Mangalore gradually increased to 14 in the late nineties, with the maximum intake of students being filled in all the colleges every year. At the same time, gradually, the number of medical colleges in Mangalore increased from one to five in the recent past. Anecdotal reports suggest that the increase in the number of main stream medical colleges has had an adverse effect on the admissions to allied health science courses, especially physiotherapy. This is reflected in the dwindling number of students who are joining the allied health science courses, especially physiotherapy. Presently, three of the colleges in Mangalore which exclusively offered the physiotherapy course have shut down and the maximum intake in other physiotherapy colleges has come down every year. Whether this is a reflection of a decreased interest or a perception of diminished prospects for only the Bachelors degree holders amongst the aspirants, remains unclear. So, it would be interesting to know as to what makes the students join the physiotherapy courses and their future plans. What is the motivation behind the students’ choice of Physiotherapy? Is it related to the great demand that these professionals have in USA, Canada, Australia and elsewhere? Could it be a way to realize the dream or the long nurtured ambition to emigrate? Or is it related to a genuine desire to serve mankind and to alleviate suffering? Is this an alternative to the more desired medical or dental course? What lay ahead for those who choose to join the profession and what kind of set up do they aspire to work in? To delve further into these issues and to gain an insight into the career choices and intentions of a cohort of undergraduate students of physiotherapy, we decided to conduct this study at a private college in Mangalore, India.

Material and Methods

This cross sectional study was carried out at an institution in Mangalore, Karnataka, India. This institution in the private sector offers Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) course of four and a half years duration which includes six months of internship. Using non random (Convenient) sampling, a total of 81 students from first year to final year BPT course were enrolled in the study.The students joining this course come from all over India. Since the last few years, the number of students joining the course, each year, has been reducing. At the time when the study was conducted, a total of 81 students were pursuing the course from first year to final year. As the number was quite less,the universal sampling method was used and all the students in the department were enrolled for the study. An anonymous, semi-structured questionnaire was developed for the study by the authors after reviewing the relevant literature and by discussions with experts in physiotherapy and medical education. The questionnaire had the basic demographical details of the students, their reasons for choosing physiotherapy as a vocation and their future career intentions, including a direct question about whether they would go abroad or stay in India. The students were explained and informed regarding the purpose of the study by the investigators.The questionnaire was administered to the students after obtaining informed consent and the requisite permission from the Head of the department . They were requested to complete the questionnaires, without discussing it amongst themselves, within a maximum allotted time of 30 minutes. The data was then entered into and analysed by using SPSS version 11.5. (7) The Chi square test was used to test the association of various factors with the career choices and p values less than 0.05 were considered as significant. This study was carried out in accordance with the principles of research involving human subjects, according to the Declaration of Helsinki 1995 (as revised in Edinburg 2000).


A total of 81 BPT students were invited to participate in the study. Eighty students completed and returned the questionnaire. One questionnaire was not considered for analysis as the important responses in the questionnaire were missing, thus resulting in a total sample of 79. The overall response rate was 98%. The mean age of the respondents was 22 years (SD = 3), with an age range of 18-25 years. Forty-five students (57%) were females and 34 (43%) were males. Seventy-seven students (97.5%) had done their schooling in India, whereas two students (2.5%) completed schooling abroad before joining the physiotherapy degree course. The reasons for choosing physiotherapy are tabulated in (Table/Fig 1). After completing their Bachelors degree, most (90%) of the students wanted to pursue post-graduation studies. Of those (n=71) who wanted to pursue post-graduation, a majority of them (n=50, 70%) preferred to do so in India, while twelve (17%) students preferred to study abroad. Another nine (13%) students preferred to change their mainstream profession from physiotherapy and to specialize in business and/or hospital administration. When asked “If not physiotherapy, what other course would have you joined,” 28 (35%) students said they would have liked to join MBBS and to become doctors. The other responses to this question are depicted in (Table/Fig 2). Forty-seven students (59%) preferred to work in India (p= 0.0027) after the completion of their studies and, eleven students (14%) preferred to migrate abroad, whereas 21 students (27%) had not decided their preference for professional settlement at the time of responding to the questionnaire. A majority (53%) of those who preferred India as their work place wanted to be affiliated with multi-specialty hospitals, twenty five (32%) wanted to set up private-practice, and another twelve (15%) preferred to profess in physiotherapy colleges. This difference in the preference for the work place was found to be statistically significant (p=0.011).All those who preferred to migrate abroad, wanted to do so for a better quality of life in terms of both finances and job satisfaction.


The students’ persuasion of a career in physiotherapy seemed to be truly driven by a passion for the branch or due to being inspired by a family member in the healthcare profession. The findings of this study indicate that a majority of the students would have preferred to be in a healthcare profession, either as a doctor or a dentist, if they had not opted for physiotherapy and this, further shows their interest and inclination to serve the community. It is often assumed that parents force their career choices on their children; however, this didn’t hold good for our subjects. This fact was further strengthened by the observation that a significantly high number of students wanted to pursue post graduation (PG) in the same field, thus proving that it was genuinely the students’ personal choice to pursue physiotherapy. A reform in training is required to provide more opportunities to the students to further specialize in physiotherapy. This need should be addressed by the educationists and stakeholders. We found that only a minority of the students had intentions of changing their chosen career of physiotherapy and wanted to pursue post-graduation studies in business management or hospital administration. Most of the students who wanted to pursue post-graduation (PG) in physiotherapy seemed to be interested in doing so in India. These findings also indicate that a majority of the students opted to work in India rather than to migrate abroad, thus discrediting the belief that physiotherapy was chosen as a career with an aim to emigrate. In fact, a significant number of our students wanted to do PG and also to practice in India. This could be related to the ample opportunities which are available here for trained and qualified physiotherapists. The increasing number of multi speciality hospitals and the emphasis on holistic care and rehabilitation has highlighted the role of physiotherapists in patient management. As also noted elsewhere (6), physiotherapy students expressed a greater satisfaction with their career choice and had less intentions in changing their professions. In another study (5), the physiotherapy students preferred to have future careers in sports medicine clinics and fitness centers. We found, however, that the physiotherapy students preferred to have future careers in multispecialty hospitals. In addition, as noted in a previous study (5), setting up a private-practice was highly endorsed by a majority of the students in our study too. However, there are some limitations in this study. As was noted earlier, we could not find similar studies from India and so, a comparison was not possible. Further, this study being limited to one private college, the results could not be generalized. Though we recruited all the students in the college, the sample size was very small. However, this being the first such study, this may be considered as a pilot study and further such studies are recommended with a larger sample size and possibly at multiple centres to address this issue and to draw meaningful conclusions.

Key Message

1. Students chose Physiotherapy due to passion for health science and inspiration from family members.
2. Most Physiotherapy students in this study want to pursue post graduate studies and that too in India.
3. Most students want to work as Physiotherapist in multispecialty hospital or set up private practice.
4. There are very few students interested in pursuing a teaching career.


We would like to thank all the physiotherapy students for their time which was taken to complete the questionnaires and the Head of the Department for granting permission to conduct the present study. The present work was supported by the the Birmingham International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health Program, University of Alabama, Grant Number 5 D43 TW05750, from the National Institutes of Health – Fogarty International Centre (NIH-FIC). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of NIH-FIC. Funding: There was no source of funding for this study. Conflict of Interest: There are no conflicts of interest.


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