Topical use of Autologous Platelet Rich Fibrin in Tympanoplasty: A Prospective Interventional Study
Dr. Shibani Vittal Anchan,
Associate Professor, Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, SDM Medical College, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Tympanoplasty is the surgery performed in Chronic Otitis Media (COM) to improve the hearing function and prevent ear discharge. Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) is one of the materials that can be used to improve the graft uptake and hearing outcome. It is obtained by centrifugation of blood. The PRF contains leukocytes, cytokines, structural glycoproteins and growth factors which accelerates healing. It has been used in various surgical procedures to improve the outcome.
Aim: To determine the efficacy of autologous PRF in closure of tympanic membrane perforation after tympanoplasty and to study the influence of PRF on the hearing outcome in the study population.
Materials and Methods: This prospective interventional study was conducted in Department of Ear, Nose and Throat at SDM Medical College, Dharwad, Karnataka, India, from November 2018 to June 2020. The study included 60 patients with safe type of COM, who underwent tympanoplasty. Two group were made, group A consisted of 30 consecutive patients with safe type COM who underwent tympanoplasty with PRF application and group B, consisted of 30 patients who underwent tympanoplasty without PRF application. The outcome was assessed by endoscopic evaluation every month for 3 months to look for graft uptake. Hearing gain was evaluated by Pure Tone Audiometry (PTA) after 3 months of surgery. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test.
Results: Group A had 29 cases with complete tympanic membrane closure and only one failure. However in group B, three out of 30 cases had failure. Thus, the overall the success rate was 96.66% in group A and 90% in group B. Postoperative PTA in group A showed that 18 cases (60%) had an improvement of >15 dB whereas in group B, 12 cases (40%) had hearing improvement of >15 dB.
Conclusion: Considering the higher success rate of tympanoplasty with group A compared to group B and no noticeable side effects, it is recommended that tympanoplasty with autologous PRF should be preferred.